Achziv

Synonyms:
Achzib, אַכְזִיב
Achziv (Wikipedia)
Achziv
Achziv IMG 5322.JPG
Remaining structures of az-Zeeb (today a recreational area), including its mosque, 2009
Achziv is located in Northwest Israel
Achziv
Shown within Northwest Israel
Achziv is located in Israel
Achziv
Achziv (Israel)
Alternative nameAz-Zeeb (الزيب) al-Zib, al-Zaib
LocationIsrael
RegionNorthern District
Coordinates33°02′57″N 35°06′08″E / 33.04917°N 35.10222°E / 33.04917; 35.10222Coordinates: 33°02′57″N 35°06′08″E / 33.04917°N 35.10222°E / 33.04917; 35.10222
Area12.4
History
CulturesIsraeli, Coptic, Islamic
EventsBattle of Casal Imbert (1232), part of the War of the Lombards

Achziv (Arabic: الزيب‎, romanizedAz-Zīb) is an ancient site on the Mediterranean coast of northern Israel, between the border with Lebanon and the city of Acre. It is located 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) north of Acre on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, within the municipal area of Nahariya. Today it is an Israeli national park.

Excavations have unearthed a fortified Canaanite city of the second millennium BCE. The Phoenician town of the first millennium BCE is known both from the Hebrew Bible and Assyrian sources. Phoenician Achzib went through ups and downs during the Persian and Hellenistic periods. In early Roman times the town, known as Acdippa, was a road station. The Bordeaux Pilgrim mentions it in 333-334 CE still as a road station; Jewish sources of the Byzantine period call it Kheziv and Gesiv. There is no information about settlement at the site for the early Muslim period. The Crusaders built a new village with a castle there. During the Mamluk and Ottoman periods a modest village occupied the old tell (archaeological mound). This village was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. The only permanent resident of Achziv is an Israeli Micronationalist who has been welcoming visitors to legally disputed micronation of "Akhzivland", a small stretch of beach where he has lived since 1975.

« Back to Glossary Index
Skip to toolbar