Commissioned to Construct the Tabernacle

Mar 1, 2015

וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃

Hashem spoke to Moshe:

Exodus 31:1

בֵּינִי וּבֵין בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אוֹת הִוא לְעֹלָם כִּי־שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים עָשָׂה יְהֹוָה אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי שָׁבַת וַיִּנָּפַשׁ׃

it shall be a sign for all time between Me and the people of Yisrael. For in six days Hashem made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He ceased from work and was refreshed.

bay-NEE u-VAYN b'-NAY yis-ra-AYL OT HEE l'-o-LAM kee SHAY-shet ya-MEEM a-SAH a-do-NAI et ha-sha-MA-yim v'-ET ha-A-retz u-va-YOM ha-sh'-vee-EE sha-VAT va-yi-na-FASH

Exodus 31:17

God appoints Bezalel, grandson of Hur (who in turn is the nephew of Aaron and Moses and whom Moses appointed to take his place alongside Aaron when he went up Mount Sinai) to oversee the actual Tabernacle construction, in accordance with everything God laid out for Moses. He partners Bezalel with Oholiab of the tribe of Dan.

 

Juxtaposed with this appointment, God commands the people to refrain from working on the Sabbath day. This is to serve as witness to the fact the God created the world over six days, and on the seventh day, He rested. Anyone who transgresses the Sabbath is liable for the death penalty. In fact, as the Israel Bible points out, this verse is repeated every Sabbath by Jews worldwide as they sanctify the Sabbath day.

 

Virtual Classroom Discussion

Two seemingly separate ideas, the command to build the Tabernacle and the command to keep the Sabbath, are presented one after the other. What do you think is the connection between the Tabernacle and the Sabbath?

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