9 it is He who judges the world with righteousness, rules the peoples with equity.
v’-HU yish-pot tay-VAYL b’-TZE-dek ya-DEEN l’-u-MEEM b’-may-sha-REEM
ט וְהוּא יִשְׁפֹּט־תֵּבֵל בְּצֶדֶק יָדִין לְאֻמִּים בְּמֵישָׁרִים׃
9:9 It is He who judges the world
The Sages comment that Hashem judges the nations of the world according to their capabilities, but at the same time reminds them of the position of righteous gentiles in Israel’s history. God asks the nations, “why have you not come close to me?” If they say I was too iniquitous, idolatrous or distant from You, He responds, “were you more iniquitous than Rahab the harlot who ultimately came close to Israel and produced prophets and righteous people? Were you more idolatrous than Jethro the priest who came close and produced prophets and righteous people? Were you more distant than Rut the Moabite who came close and produced kings of Israel?” The desire for the nations of the world to work together and establish positive relationships with the Nation of Israel was echoed in Israel’s Declaration of Independence: “We extend our hand to all neighboring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighborliness, and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land.”