36 For Hashem will deliver Tzion and rebuild the cities of Yehuda; they shall live there and inherit it;
69:36 They shall live there and inherit it
Historically, the Israelites lived and prospered in the central mountain region of Israel, the area of Judea and Samaria. Avraham traveled from the north through the Samarian hills down to Chevron, his future eternal resting place. Yitzchak and Yaakov, as well as King David and the Maccabees, hovered around the mountainous area, with its springs and grass for grazing. The psalmist reminds us of the close connection Israel has with the hills of Judea, and delivers a charge to settle the mountains and redeem them as their inheritance. An ancient road traverses the hilltops of Judea, connecting Yerushalayim with the southern Chevron hills. This road is called the Path of the Patriarchs, as it is most probably the route taken by Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov when traveling between Beersheva, Chevron, Mount Moriah, Beit El, and Shechem. Walking on it, one finds Roman milestones, an ancient ritual bath and archaeological remnants of years past. One also sees the beautiful, populated, modern cities of Efrat, Neve Daniel, Elazar, Alon Shevut, K’far Etzion and many other settlements in the area of Judea.