א לַמְנַצֵּחַ אַל־תַּשְׁחֵת לְדָוִד מִכְתָּם בְּבָרְחוֹ מִפְּנֵי־שָׁאוּל בַּמְּעָרָה׃
57:1 When he fled from Shaul, into a cave
Even in the wilderness of Ein Gedi, David is chased down by Shaul, as someone informed the king of his location. Shaul takes three-thousand soldiers and plans to destroy David once and for all. The Tanakh records (I Samuel 24:3) that Shaul goes alone into a cave to relieve himself, unaware that David is hiding there. Though he has the opportunity, David does not kill Shaul. Rather, he cuts off a piece of Shaul’s royal garment and then confronts Shaul, stating that he had the chance to kill him but did not. Shaul breaks down and weeps, hugging David and wishing him only well, until the next time he seeks to kill him again. David chooses to show restraint and respect for the king of Israel despite being continually chased by him. This psalm is another testimony of Hashem’s salvation and David’s acknowledgment of His constant protection.