Nehemiah 7
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and the porters and the singers and the Leviim were appointed,

א  וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר נִבְנְתָה הַחוֹמָה וָאַעֲמִיד הַדְּלָתוֹת וַיִּפָּקְדוּ הַשּׁוֹעֲרִים וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וְהַלְוִיִּם.

2  that I gave my brother Chanani, and Chananya the governor of the castle, charge over Yerushalayim; for he was a faithful man, and feared God above many.

ב  וָאֲצַוֶּה אֶת חֲנָנִי אָחִי וְאֶת חֲנַנְיָה שַׂר הַבִּירָה עַל יְרוּשָׁלִָם כִּי הוּא כְּאִישׁ אֱמֶת וְיָרֵא אֶת הָאֱלֹהִים מֵרַבִּים.

3  And I said unto them: ‘Let not the gates of Yerushalayim be opened until the sun be hot; and while they stand on guard, let them shut the doors, and bar ye them; and let watches be appointed of the inhabitants of Yerushalayim, every one in his watch, and every one to be over against his house.’

ג  ויאמר (וָאֹמַר) לָהֶם לֹא יִפָּתְחוּ שַׁעֲרֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם עַד חֹם הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ וְעַד הֵם עֹמְדִים יָגִיפוּ הַדְּלָתוֹת וֶאֱחֹזוּ וְהַעֲמֵיד מִשְׁמְרוֹת יֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם אִישׁ בְּמִשְׁמָרוֹ וְאִישׁ נֶגֶד בֵּיתוֹ.

4  Now the city was wide and large; but the people were few therein, and the houses were not builded.

v’-ha-EER ra-kha-VAT ya-DA-yim ug-do-LAH v’-ha-AM m’-AT b’-to-KHAH v’-AYN ba-TEEM b’-nu-YIM

ד  וְהָעִיר רַחֲבַת יָדַיִם וּגְדֹלָה וְהָעָם מְעַט בְּתוֹכָהּ וְאֵין בָּתִּים בְּנוּיִם.

7:4   The city was wide and large; but the people were few

There must be a proper proportion between a city’s walls and its population. Nehemiah is concerned that since there were too few people living in Jerusalem it would be difficult to defend, even though it was surrounded by a wall. He therefore looks for more people to inhabit the city. Conversely, if the borders of a city encompass too small an area, it will become overcrowded. This second concern does not apply to the Land of Israel. Also named ‘Eretz Hatzvi,’ “The Land of the Gazelle or Deer,” rabbinic thought states that just as a gazelle’s hide stretches according to need, so too the land will stretch to sustain any number of its people. Furthermore, King Solomon writes “my beloved is like a gazelle” (Song of Songs 2:9), inferring that just as a gazelle finds its way home from the ends of the world, so too will the dispersed Jews return. And when they return, the Land of Israel will contain them all.


5  And my God put into my heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy. And I found the book of the genealogy of them that came up at the first, and I found written therein:

ה  וַיִּתֵּן אֱלֹהַי אֶל לִבִּי וָאֶקְבְּצָה אֶת הַחֹרִים וְאֶת הַסְּגָנִים וְאֶת הָעָם לְהִתְיַחֵשׂ וָאֶמְצָא סֵפֶר הַיַּחַשׂ הָעוֹלִים בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה וָאֶמְצָא כָּתוּב בּוֹ.

6  These are the children of the province, that went up out of the captivity of those that had been carried away, whom Nevuchadnetzar the king of Bavel had carried away, and that returned unto Yerushalayim and to Yehuda, every one unto his city;

ו  אֵלֶּה בְּנֵי הַמְּדִינָה הָעֹלִים מִשְּׁבִי הַגּוֹלָה אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וַיָּשׁוּבוּ לִירוּשָׁלִַם וְלִיהוּדָה אִישׁ לְעִירוֹ.

7  who came with Zerubavel, Yeshua, Nechemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Yisrael:

ז  הַבָּאִים עִם זְרֻבָּבֶל יֵשׁוּעַ נְחֶמְיָה עֲזַרְיָה רַעַמְיָה נַחֲמָנִי מָרְדֳּכַי בִּלְשָׁן מִסְפֶּרֶת בִּגְוַי נְחוּם בַּעֲנָה מִסְפַּר אַנְשֵׁי עַם יִשְׂרָאֵל.

8  The children of Parosh, two thousand a hundred and seventy and two.

ח  בְּנֵי פַרְעֹשׁ אַלְפַּיִם מֵאָה וְשִׁבְעִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

9  The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.

ט  בְּנֵי שְׁפַטְיָה שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁבְעִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

10  The children of Arah, six hundred fifty and two.

י  בְּנֵי אָרַח שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם.

11  The children of Pahath-moab, of the children of Yeshua and Joab, two thousand and eight hundred and eighteen.

יא  בְּנֵי פַחַת מוֹאָב לִבְנֵי יֵשׁוּעַ וְיוֹאָב אַלְפַּיִם וּשְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת שְׁמֹנָה עָשָׂר.

12  The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

יב  בְּנֵי עֵילָם אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם חֲמִשִּׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה.

13  The children of Zattu, eight hundred forty and five.

יג  בְּנֵי זַתּוּא שְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה.

14  The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.

יד  בְּנֵי זַכָּי שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְשִׁשִּׁים.

15  The children of Binnui, six hundred forty and eight.

טו  בְּנֵי בִנּוּי שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

16  The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and eight.

טז  בְּנֵי בֵבָי שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

17  The children of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty and two.

יז  בְּנֵי עַזְגָּד אַלְפַּיִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

18  The children of Adonikam, six hundred threescore and seven.

יח  בְּנֵי אֲדֹנִיקָם שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה.

19  The children of Bigvai, two thousand threescore and seven.

יט  בְּנֵי בִגְוָי אַלְפַּיִם שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה.

20  The children of Adin, six hundred fifty and five.

כ  בְּנֵי עָדִין שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים וַחֲמִשָּׁה.

21  The children of Ater, of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.

כא  בְּנֵי אָטֵר לְחִזְקִיָּה תִּשְׁעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

22  The children of Hashum, three hundred twenty and eight.

כב  בְּנֵי חָשֻׁם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

23  The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and four.

כג  בְּנֵי בֵצָי שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה.

24  The children of Hariph, a hundred and twelve.

כד  בְּנֵי חָרִיף מֵאָה שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר.

25  The children of Gibeon, ninety and five.

כה  בְּנֵי גִבְעוֹן תִּשְׁעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה.

26  The men of Beth-lehem and Netophah, a hundred fourscore and eight.

כו  אַנְשֵׁי בֵית לֶחֶם וּנְטֹפָה מֵאָה שְׁמֹנִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

27  The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty and eight.

כז  אַנְשֵׁי עֲנָתוֹת מֵאָה עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

28  The men of Beth-azmaveth, forty and two.

כח  אַנְשֵׁי בֵית עַזְמָוֶת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

29  The men of Kiriath-jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty and three.

כט  אַנְשֵׁי קִרְיַת יְעָרִים כְּפִירָה וּבְאֵרוֹת שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה.

30  The men of Ramah and Geba, six hundred twenty and one.

ל  אַנְשֵׁי הָרָמָה וָגָבַע שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת עֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד.

31  The men of Michmas, a hundred and twenty and two.

לא  אַנְשֵׁי מִכְמָס מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

32  The men of Beth-el and Ai, a hundred twenty and three.

לב  אַנְשֵׁי בֵית אֵל וְהָעָי מֵאָה עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה.

33  The men of the other Nebo, fifty and two.

לג  אַנְשֵׁי נְבוֹ אַחֵר חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם.

34  The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.

לד  בְּנֵי עֵילָם אַחֵר אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם חֲמִשִּׁים וְאַרְבָּעָה.

35  The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.

לה  בְּנֵי חָרִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים.

36  The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.

לו  בְּנֵי יְרֵחוֹ שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה.

37  The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and one.

לז  בְּנֵי לֹד חָדִיד וְאֹנוֹ שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד.

38  The children of Senaah, three thousand nine hundred and thirty.

לח  בְּנֵי סְנָאָה שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת וּשְׁלֹשִׁים.

39  The Kohanim: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Yeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.

לט  הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי יְדַעְיָה לְבֵית יֵשׁוּעַ תְּשַׁע מֵאוֹת שִׁבְעִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה.

40  The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.

מ  בְּנֵי אִמֵּר אֶלֶף חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁנָיִם.

41  The children of Pashhur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.

מא  בְּנֵי פַשְׁחוּר אֶלֶף מָאתַיִם אַרְבָּעִים וְשִׁבְעָה.

42  The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.

מב  בְּנֵי חָרִם אֶלֶף שִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר.

43  The Leviim: the children of Yeshua, of Kadmiel, of the children of Hodeiah, seventy and four.

מג  הַלְוִיִּם בְּנֵי יֵשׁוּעַ לְקַדְמִיאֵל לִבְנֵי לְהוֹדְוָה שִׁבְעִים וְאַרְבָּעָה.

44  The singers: the children of Asaf, a hundred forty and eight.

מד  הַמְשֹׁרְרִים בְּנֵי אָסָף מֵאָה אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

45  The porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, a hundred thirty and eight.

מה  הַשֹּׁעֲרִים בְּנֵי שַׁלֻּם בְּנֵי אָטֵר בְּנֵי טַלְמֹן בְּנֵי עַקּוּב בְּנֵי חֲטִיטָא בְּנֵי שֹׁבָי מֵאָה שְׁלֹשִׁים וּשְׁמֹנָה.

46  The Nethinim: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth;

מו  הַנְּתִינִים בְּנֵי צִחָא בְנֵי חֲשֻׂפָא בְּנֵי טַבָּעוֹת.

47  the children of Keros, the children of Sia, the children of Padon;

מז  בְּנֵי קֵירֹס בְּנֵי סִיעָא בְּנֵי פָדוֹן.

48  the children of Lebanah, the children of Hagaba, the children of Salmai;

מח  בְּנֵי לְבָנָה בְנֵי חֲגָבָא בְּנֵי שַׁלְמָי.

49  the children of Hanan, the children of Giddel, the children of Gahar;

מט  בְּנֵי חָנָן בְּנֵי גִדֵּל בְּנֵי גָחַר. ז בְּנֵי רְאָיָה בְנֵי רְצִין בְּנֵי נְקוֹדָא.

50  the children of Reaiah, the children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda;

נ  בְּנֵי רְאָיָה בְנֵי רְצִין בְּנֵי נְקוֹדָא.

51  the children of Gazzam, the children of Uzza, the children of Paseah;

נא  בְּנֵי גַזָּם בְּנֵי עֻזָּא בְּנֵי פָסֵחַ.

52  the children of Besai, the children of Meunim, the children of Nephishesim;

נב  בְּנֵי בֵסַי בְּנֵי מְעוּנִים בְּנֵי נפושסים (נְפִישְׁסִים).

53  the children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur;

נג  בְּנֵי בַקְבּוּק בְּנֵי חֲקוּפָא בְּנֵי חַרְחוּר.

54  the children of Bazlith, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha;

נד  בְּנֵי בַצְלִית בְּנֵי מְחִידָא בְּנֵי חַרְשָׁא.

55  the children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Temah;

נה  בְּנֵי בַרְקוֹס בְּנֵי סִיסְרָא בְּנֵי תָמַח.

56  the children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha.

נו  בְּנֵי נְצִיחַ בְּנֵי חֲטִיפָא.

57  The children of Shlomo’s servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida;

נז  בְּנֵי עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה בְּנֵי סוֹטַי בְּנֵי סֹפֶרֶת בְּנֵי פְרִידָא.

58  the children of Jala, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel;

נח  בְּנֵי יַעְלָא בְנֵי דַרְקוֹן בְּנֵי גִדֵּל.

59  the children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth-hazzebaim, the children of Amon.

נט  בְּנֵי שְׁפַטְיָה בְנֵי חַטִּיל בְּנֵי פֹּכֶרֶת הַצְּבָיִים בְּנֵי אָמוֹן.

60  All the Nethinim, and the children of Shlomo’s servants, were three hundred ninety and two.

ס  כָּל הַנְּתִינִים וּבְנֵי עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת תִּשְׁעִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

61  And these were they that went up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer; but they could not tell their fathers’ houses, nor their seed, whether they were of Yisrael:

סא  וְאֵלֶּה הָעוֹלִים מִתֵּל מֶלַח תֵּל חַרְשָׁא כְּרוּב אַדּוֹן וְאִמֵּר וְלֹא יָכְלוּ לְהַגִּיד בֵּית אֲבֹתָם וְזַרְעָם אִם מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל הֵם.

62  the children of Delaiah, the children of Toviah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred forty and two.

סב  בְּנֵי דְלָיָה בְנֵי טוֹבִיָּה בְּנֵי נְקוֹדָא שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת וְאַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁנָיִם.

63  And of the Kohanim: the children of Habaiah, the children of Hakkoz, the children of Barzillai, who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name.

סג  וּמִן הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּנֵי חֳבַיָּה בְּנֵי הַקּוֹץ בְּנֵי בַרְזִלַּי אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מִבְּנוֹת בַּרְזִלַּי הַגִּלְעָדִי אִשָּׁה וַיִּקָּרֵא עַל שְׁמָם.

64  These sought their register, that is, the genealogy, but it was not found; therefore were they deemed polluted and put from the priesthood.

סד  אֵלֶּה בִּקְשׁוּ כְתָבָם הַמִּתְיַחְשִׂים וְלֹא נִמְצָא וַיְגֹאֲלוּ מִן הַכְּהֻנָּה.

65  And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a Kohen with Urim and Thummim.

סה  וַיֹּאמֶר הַתִּרְשָׁתָא לָהֶם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יֹאכְלוּ מִקֹּדֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁים עַד עֲמֹד הַכֹּהֵן לְאוּרִים וְתֻמִּים.

66  The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

סו  כָּל הַקָּהָל כְּאֶחָד אַרְבַּע רִבּוֹא אַלְפַּיִם שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת וְשִׁשִּׁים.

67  beside their men-servants and their maid-servants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven; and they had two hundred forty and five singing men and singing women.

סז  מִלְּבַד עַבְדֵיהֶם וְאַמְהֹתֵיהֶם אֵלֶּה שִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וְשִׁבְעָה וְלָהֶם מְשֹׁרְרִים וּמְשֹׁרְרוֹת מָאתַיִם וְאַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה.

68  Their camels, four hundred thirty and five; their asses, six thousand seven hundred and twenty.

סח  גְּמַלִּים אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וַחֲמִשָּׁה חֲמֹרִים שֵׁשֶׁת אֲלָפִים שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים.

69  And some from among the heads of fathers’ houses gave unto the work. The Tirshatha gave to the treasury a thousand darics of gold, fifty basins, five hundred and thirty Kohanim’ tunics.

סט  וּמִקְצָת רָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת נָתְנוּ לַמְּלָאכָה הַתִּרְשָׁתָא נָתַן לָאוֹצָר זָהָב דַּרְכְּמֹנִים אֶלֶף מִזְרָקוֹת חֲמִשִּׁים כָּתְנוֹת כֹּהֲנִים שְׁלֹשִׁים וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת.

70  And some of the heads of fathers’ houses gave into the treasury of the work twenty thousand darics of gold, and two thousand and two hundred pounds of silver.

ע  וּמֵרָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת נָתְנוּ לְאוֹצַר הַמְּלָאכָה זָהָב דַּרְכְּמוֹנִים שְׁתֵּי רִבּוֹת וְכֶסֶף מָנִים אַלְפַּיִם וּמָאתָיִם.

71  And that which the rest of the people gave was twenty thousand darics of gold, and two thousand pounds of silver, and threescore and seven Kohanim’ tunics.

עא  וַאֲשֶׁר נָתְנוּ שְׁאֵרִית הָעָם זָהָב דַּרְכְּמֹנִים שְׁתֵּי רִבּוֹא וְכֶסֶף מָנִים אַלְפָּיִם וְכָתְנֹת כֹּהֲנִים שִׁשִּׁים וְשִׁבְעָה.

72  So the Kohanim, and the Leviim, and the porters, and the singers, and some of the people, and the Nethinim, and all Yisrael, dwelt in their cities. And when the seventh month was come, and B’nei Yisrael were in their cities,

עב  וַיֵּשְׁבוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַלְוִיִּם וְהַשּׁוֹעֲרִים וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִים וּמִן הָעָם וְהַנְּתִינִים וְכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּעָרֵיהֶם וַיִּגַּע הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּעָרֵיהֶם.

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Nehemiah 6
Nehemiah 8

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Nehemiah 7