2 Hashem is a passionate, avenging Hashem; Hashem is vengeful and fierce in wrath. Hashem takes vengeance on His enemies, He rages against His foes.
ב אֵל קַנּוֹא וְנֹקֵם יְהוָה נֹקֵם יְהוָה וּבַעַל חֵמָה נֹקֵם יְהוָה לְצָרָיו וְנוֹטֵר הוּא לְאֹיְבָיו׃
3 Hashem is slow to anger and of great forbearance, But Hashem does not remit all punishment. He travels in whirlwind and storm, And clouds are the dust on His feet.
ג יְהֹוָה אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וגדול־[וּגְדָל־] כֹּחַ וְנַקֵּה לֹא יְנַקֶּה יְהוָה בְּסוּפָה וּבִשְׂעָרָה דַּרְכּוֹ וְעָנָן אֲבַק רַגְלָיו׃
4 He rebukes the sea and dries it up, And He makes all rivers fail; Bashan and Carmel languish, And the blossoms of Lebanon wither.
go-AYR ba-YAM va-ya-b’-SHAY-hu v’-khol ha-n’-ha-ROT he-khe-REEV um-LAL ba-SHAN v’-khar-MEL u-FE-rakh l’-va-NON um-LAL
ד גּוֹעֵר בַּיָּם וַיַּבְּשֵׁהוּ וְכָל־הַנְּהָרוֹת הֶחֱרִיב אֻמְלַל בָּשָׁן וְכַרְמֶל וּפֶרַח לְבָנוֹן אֻמְלָל׃
1:4 Bashan and Carmel languish
Nachum begins his prophecy by addressing Nineveh, the capital of Assyria. He depicts God’s control over nature, and indicates that just as He rules over nature, He also rules over humanity, and will punish Israel’s enemies. In this verse, Nachum first describes how Hashem dries up the seas and the rivers, a reference to the miracles of the splitting of the Red Sea (Exodus 15) and the crossing of the Yarden river (Joshua 3). He then says that Bashan, Carmel, and Lebanon, three of the most luxuriant areas of the Holy Land, thought to be immune to drought, will dry up before Hashem‘s presence. Biblical Bashan was located on the east side of the Jordan river in modern day Syria and the Israeli Golan Heights. It was captured by the Israelites from Og, king of Bashan, who came out against them as they prepared to enter the Land of Israel (Numbers 21:33-35), and given as part of the inheritance of half the tribe of Menashe (Joshua 13:29-31). The land of Bashan is known in the Bible for its rich pastures (Jeremiah 50:19), oak forests (Isaiah 2:13) and majestic mountains (Psalms 68:16).1 comment
5 The mountains quake because of Him, And the hills melt. The earth heaves before Him, The world and all that dwell therein.
ה הָרִים רָעֲשׁוּ מִמֶּנּוּ וְהַגְּבָעוֹת הִתְמֹגָגוּ וַתִּשָּׂא הָאָרֶץ מִפָּנָיו וְתֵבֵל וְכָל־יֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ׃
6 Who can stand before His wrath? Who can resist His fury? His anger pours out like fire, And rocks are shattered because of Him.
ו לִפְנֵי זַעְמוֹ מִי יַעֲמוֹד וּמִי יָקוּם בַּחֲרוֹן אַפּוֹ חֲמָתוֹ נִתְּכָה כָאֵשׁ וְהַצֻּרִים נִתְּצוּ מִמֶּנּוּ׃
7 Hashem is good to [those who hope in Him], A haven on a day of distress; He is mindful of those who seek refuge in Him.
ז טוֹב יְהוָה לְמָעוֹז בְּיוֹם צָרָה וְיֹדֵעַ חֹסֵי בוֹ׃
8 And with a sweeping flood He makes an end of her place, And chases His enemies into darkness.
ח וּבְשֶׁטֶף עֹבֵר כָּלָה יַעֲשֶׂה מְקוֹמָהּ וְאֹיְבָיו יְרַדֶּף־חֹשֶׁךְ׃
9 Why will you plot against Hashem? He wreaks utter destruction: No adversary opposes Him twice!
ט מַה־תְּחַשְּׁבוּן אֶל־יְהוָה כָּלָה הוּא עֹשֶׂה לֹא־תָקוּם פַּעֲמַיִם צָרָה׃
10 For like men besotted with drink, They are burned up like tangled thorns, Like straw that is thoroughly dried.
י כִּי עַד־סִירִים סְבֻכִים וּכְסָבְאָם סְבוּאִים אֻכְּלוּ כְּקַשׁ יָבֵשׁ מָלֵא׃
11 The base plotter Who designed evil against Hashem Has left you.
יא מִמֵּךְ יָצָא חֹשֵׁב עַל־יְהוָה רָעָה יֹעֵץ בְּלִיָּעַל׃
12 Thus said Hashem: “Even as they were full and many, Even so are they over and gone; As surely as I afflicted you, I will afflict you no more.”
יב כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה אִם־שְׁלֵמִים וְכֵן רַבִּים וְכֵן נָגֹזּוּ וְעָבָר וְעִנִּתִךְ לֹא אֲעַנֵּךְ עוֹד׃
13 And now I will break off his yoke bar from you And burst your cords apart.
יג וְעַתָּה אֶשְׁבֹּר מֹטֵהוּ מֵעָלָיִךְ וּמוֹסְרֹתַיִךְ אֲנַתֵּק׃
14 Hashem has commanded concerning him: No posterity shall continue your name. I will do away with The carved and graven images In the temples of your gods; I will make your grave Accord with your worthlessness.
יד וְצִוָּה עָלֶיךָ יְהוָה לֹא־יִזָּרַע מִשִּׁמְךָ עוֹד מִבֵּית אֱלֹהֶיךָ אַכְרִית פֶּסֶל וּמַסֵּכָה אָשִׂים קִבְרֶךָ כִּי קַלּוֹתָ׃