Micah 5:1
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1  And you, O Beit Lechem of Efrat, Least among the clans of Yehuda, From you one shall come forth To rule Yisrael for Me— One whose origin is from of old, From ancient times.

v’-a-TAH bayt LE-khem ef-RA-tah tza-EER lih-YOT b’-al-FAY y’-hu-DAH mi-m’-KHA LEE yay-TZAY lih-YOT mo-SHAYL b’-yis-ra-AYL u-mo-tza-o-TAV mi-KE-dem mee-MAY o-LAM

א  וְאַתָּה בֵּית־לֶחֶם אֶפְרָתָה צָעִיר לִהְיוֹת בְּאַלְפֵי יְהוּדָה מִמְּךָ לִי יֵצֵא לִהְיוֹת מוֹשֵׁל בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וּמוֹצָאֹתָיו מִקֶּדֶם מִימֵי עוֹלָם׃

 5:1 And you, O Beit Lechem of Efrat

Vineyards outside of the Jewish community of Efrat.

At the beginning of chapter 5, a young child appears who will lead the people to victory. He is born in Beit Lechem of Efrat in Yehuda. The city of Beit Lechem, which means ‘House of Bread,’ sits five miles south of Yerushalayim. In this verse, Efrat is either another name for Beit Lechem or refers to the larger district in which it is found. The present day city of Efrat was established in 1983, adjacent to the Beit Lechem, and is home to over 8,000 residents. Micha writes that Beit Lechem is in Yehuda, to distinguish it from another city called Beit Lechem in the north of the country in the territory of Zevulun (Joshua 19:15). The young one is described as “Least among the clans of Yehuda,” but nevertheless, “he will deliver us from Assyria” (verse 5). Micha’s allusion to King David, the youngest of all his brothers who nevertheless brought salvation from Israel’s enemies, is unmistakable. Indeed, this young lad will be a descendant of King David, son of “Yishai of Beit Lechem” (I Samuel 16:1).

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Comment ( 1 )

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  • PAULINE ALLEN

    NOW GATHER YOURSELF IN TROOPS, O DAUGHTER OF TROOPS, A STATE OF SIEGE HAS BEEN PLACED AGAINST US, THEY SHALL STRIKE THE RULER OF ISRAEL ON THE CHEEK WITH A ROD SCEPTER.

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Micah 5:1

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