4 But every man shall sit Under his grapevine or fig tree With no one to disturb him. For it was God the lord of Hosts who spoke.
v’-ya-sh’-VU EESH TA-khat gaf-NO v’-TA-khat t’-ay-na-TO v’-AYN ma-kha-REED kee FEE a-do-NAI tz’-va-OT di-BAYR
ד וְיָשְׁבוּ אִישׁ תַּחַת גַּפְנוֹ וְתַחַת תְּאֵנָתוֹ וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד כִּי־פִי יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת דִּבֵּר׃
4:4 But every man shall sit under his grapevine or fig tree
Figs are one of the seven agricultural species that are special products of the Land of Israel (Deuteronomy 8:8). They are first mentioned in the Bible in the beginning of Sefer Bereishit (3:7), when Adam and Chava cover their nakedness with fig leaves. The Talmud compares the Torah itself to a fig tree. Just as one always finds figs on the tree since the fruits do not all ripen at the same time, similarly, one will always find new flavor in the Torah he is studying (Eruvin 54). During King Shlomo’s reign, all of Israel lived in safety, “everyone under his own vine and under his own fig tree” (I Kings 5:5), a phrase that indicates national prosperity and also demonstrates that, in biblical tradition, the fig tree serves as a symbol of peace and tranquility. In this verse, the prophet Micha promises the same peace and tranquility in the time of the redemption.