1 If a person incurs guilt—When he has heard a public imprecation and—although able to testify as one who has either seen or learned of the matter—he does not give information, so that he is subject to punishment;
א וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תֶחֱטָא וְשָׁמְעָה קוֹל אָלָה וְהוּא עֵד אוֹ רָאָה אוֹ יָדָע אִם־לוֹא יַגִּיד וְנָשָׂא עֲוׂנוֹ׃
2 Or when a person touches any unclean thing—be it the carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean cattle or the carcass of an unclean creeping thing—and the fact has escaped him, and then, being unclean, he realizes his guilt;
ב אוֹ נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תִּגַּע בְּכָל־דָּבָר טָמֵא אוֹ בְנִבְלַת חַיָּה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת בְּהֵמָה טְמֵאָה אוֹ בְּנִבְלַת שֶׁרֶץ טָמֵא וְנֶעְלַם מִמֶּנּוּ וְהוּא טָמֵא וְאָשֵׁם׃
3 Or when he touches human uncleanness—any such uncleanness whereby one becomes unclean—and, though he has known it, the fact has escaped him, but later he realizes his guilt;
4 Or when a person utters an oath to bad or good purpose—whatever a man may utter in an oath—and, though he has known it, the fact has escaped him, but later he realizes his guilt in any of these matters—
5 when he realizes his guilt in any of these matters, he shall confess that wherein he has sinned.
ה וְהָיָה כִי־יֶאְשַׁם לְאַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה וְהִתְוַדָּה אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עָלֶיהָ׃
6 And he shall bring as his penalty to Hashem, for the sin of which he is guilty, a female from the flock, sheep or goat, as a sin offering; and the Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf for his sin.
ו וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ לַיהֹוָה עַל חַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא נְקֵבָה מִן־הַצֹּאן כִּשְׂבָּה אוֹ־שְׂעִירַת עִזִּים לְחַטָּאת וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ׃
7 But if his means do not suffice for a sheep, he shall bring to Hashem, as his penalty for that of which he is guilty, two turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
ז וְאִם־לֹא תַגִּיע יָדוֹ דֵּי שֶׂה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא שְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ־שְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה לַיהֹוָה אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת וְאֶחָד לְעֹלָה׃
8 He shall bring them to the Kohen, who shall offer first the one for the sin offering, pinching its head at the nape without severing it.
9 He shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the mizbayach, and what remains of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the mizbayach; it is a sin offering.
10 And the second he shall prepare as a burnt offering, according to regulation. Thus the Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf for the sin of which he is guilty, and he shall be forgiven.
י וְאֶת־הַשֵּׁנִי יַעֲשֶׂה עֹלָה כַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־חָטָא וְנִסְלַח לוֹ׃
11 And if his means do not suffice for two turtledoves or two pigeons, he shall bring as his offering for that of which he is guilty a tenth of an efah of choice flour for a sin offering; he shall not add oil to it or lay frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.
יא וְאִם־לֹא תַשִּׂיג יָדוֹ לִשְׁתֵּי תֹרִים אוֹ לִשְׁנֵי בְנֵי־יוֹנָה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־קָרְבָּנוֹ אֲשֶׁר חָטָא עֲשִׂירִת הָאֵפָה סֹלֶת לְחַטָּאת לֹא־יָשִׂים עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְלֹא־יִתֵּן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה כִּי חַטָּאת הִיא׃
12 He shall bring it to the Kohen, and the Kohen shall scoop out of it a handful as a token portion of it and turn it into smoke on the mizbayach, with Hashem‘s offerings by fire; it is a sin offering.
14 And Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:
יד וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃
15 When a person commits a trespass, being unwittingly remiss about any of Hashem‘s sacred things, he shall bring as his penalty to Hashem a ram without blemish from the flock, convertible into payment in silver by the sanctuary weight, as a guilt offering.
NE-fesh kee tim-OL MA-al v’-kha-t’-AH bish-ga-GAH mi-kod-SHAY a-do-NAI v’-hay-VEE et a-sha-MO la-do-NAI A-yil ta-MEEM min ha-TZON b’-er-k’-KHA KE-sef sh’-ka-LEEM b’-SHE-kel ha-KO-desh l’-a-SHAM
טו נֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תִמְעֹל מַעַל וְחָטְאָה בִּשְׁגָגָה מִקָּדְשֵׁי יְהֹוָה וְהֵבִיא אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ לַיהֹוָה אַיִל תָּמִים מִן־הַצֹּאן בְּעֶרְכְּךָ כֶּסֶף־שְׁקָלִים בְּשֶׁקֶל־הַקֹּדֶשׁ לְאָשָׁם׃
5:15 When a person commits a trespass
Chapter five contains a list of sins for which one is required to bring a guilt-offering. Among those listed is the transgression of benefiting from an object belonging to the Beit Hamikdash. This refers to someone who eats or derives other personal gain from food or property that belongs to the Temple, including its wood or stones, or who improperly eats part of a sacrifice. The verse calls this sin ‘a trespass’, an improper use of something holy. We must be careful to honor the sanctity, not only of the Beit Hamikdash, but of the entire Holy Land, and not to misuse any part of it.1 comment
16 He shall make restitution for that wherein he was remiss about the sacred things, and he shall add a fifth part to it and give it to the Kohen. The Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf with the ram of the guilt offering, and he shall be forgiven.
17 And when a person, without knowing it, sins in regard to any of Hashem‘s commandments about things not to be done, and then realizes his guilt, he shall be subject to punishment.
יז וְאִם־נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תֶחֱטָא וְעָשְׂתָה אַחַת מִכָּל־מִצְוׂת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא תֵעָשֶׂינָה וְלֹא־יָדַע וְאָשֵׁם וְנָשָׂא עֲוׂנוֹ׃
18 He shall bring to the Kohen a ram without blemish from the flock, or the equivalent, as a guilt offering. The Kohen shall make expiation on his behalf for the error that he committed unwittingly, and he shall be forgiven.
19 It is a guilt offering; he has incurred guilt before Hashem.
יט אָשָׁם הוּא אָשֹׁם אָשַׁם לַיהֹוָה׃
20 Hashem spoke to Moshe, saying:
כ וַיְדַבֵּר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃
21 When a person sins and commits a trespass against Hashem by dealing deceitfully with his fellow in the matter of a deposit or a pledge, or through robbery, or by defrauding his fellow,
כא נֶפֶשׁ כִּי תֶחֱטָא וּמָעֲלָה מַעַל בַּיהֹוָה וְכִחֵשׁ בַּעֲמִיתוֹ בְּפִקָּדוֹן אוֹ־בִתְשׂוּמֶת יָד אוֹ בְגָזֵל אוֹ עָשַׁק אֶת־עֲמִיתוֹ׃
22 or by finding something lost and lying about it; if he swears falsely regarding any one of the various things that one may do and sin thereby
כב אוֹ־מָצָא אֲבֵדָה וְכִחֶשׁ בָּהּ וְנִשְׁבַּע עַל־שָׁקֶר עַל־אַחַת מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲשֶׂה הָאָדָם לַחֲטֹא בָהֵנָּה׃
23 when one has thus sinned and, realizing his guilt, would restore that which he got through robbery or fraud, or the deposit that was entrusted to him, or the lost thing that he found,
כג וְהָיָה כִּי־יֶחֱטָא וְאָשֵׁם וְהֵשִׁיב אֶת־הַגְּזֵלָה אֲשֶׁר גָּזָל אוֹ אֶת־הָעֹשֶׁק אֲשֶׁר עָשָׁק אוֹ אֶת־הַפִּקָּדוֹן אֲשֶׁר הָפְקַד אִתּוֹ אוֹ אֶת־הָאֲבֵדָה אֲשֶׁר מָצָא׃
24 or anything else about which he swore falsely, he shall repay the principal amount and add a fifth part to it. He shall pay it to its owner when he realizes his guilt.
כד אוֹ מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יִשָּׁבַע עָלָיו לַשֶּׁקֶר וְשִׁלַּם אֹתוֹ בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וַחֲמִשִׁתָיו יֹסֵף עָלָיו לַאֲשֶׁר הוּא לוֹ יִתְּנֶנּוּ בְּיוֹם אַשְׁמָתוֹ׃
כה וְאֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ יָבִיא לַיהֹוָה אַיִל תָּמִים מִן־הַצֹּאן בְּעֶרְכְּךָ לְאָשָׁם אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן׃