Leviticus 2
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  When a person presents an offering of meal to Hashem, his offering shall be of choice flour; he shall pour oil upon it, lay frankincense on it,

v’-NE-fesh kee tak-REEV kor-BAN min-KHAH la-do-NAI SO-let yih-YEH kor-ba-NO v’-ya-TZAK a-LE-ha SHE-men v’-na-TAN a-LE-ha l’-vo-NAH

א  וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תַקְרִיב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהֹוָה סֹלֶת יִהְיֶה קָרְבָּנוֹ וְיָצַק עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְנָתַן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה׃

 2:1   When a person presents an offering of meal to Hashem

In this verse, the Bible uses the word nefesh (נפש), ‘soul,’ to describe the person bringing this offering. The Talmud (Menachot 104b) explains that the word “soul” is specifically chosen for the voluntary meal-offering, as opposed to any of the other sacrifices, because the meal-offering is comprised of flour, oil and frankincense. These ingredients are much less expensive than the animals brought for the other offerings, and therefore, this offering is often brought specifically by poor people. When a poor person chooses to give from his meager means to Hashem, He considers it as if the person has offered his very soul. What matters to the Lord is not our material wealth, how much we have or even how much we give. It is the sincerity behind our actions that matters most.2 comments

2  and present it to Aharon‘s sons, the Kohanim. The Kohen shall scoop out of it a handful of its choice flour and oil, as well as all of its frankincense; and this token portion he shall turn into smoke on the mizbayach, as an offering by fire, of pleasing odor to Hashem.

ב  וֶהֱבִיאָהּ אֶל־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֲנִים וְקָמַץ מִשָּׁם מְלֹא קֻמְצוֹ מִסָּלְתָּהּ וּמִשַּׁמְנָהּ עַל כָּל־לְבֹנָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ הַמִּזְבֵּחָה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהֹוָה׃

3  And the remainder of the meal offering shall be for Aharon and his sons, a most holy portion from Hashem‘s offerings by fire.

ג  וְהַנּוֹתֶרֶת מִן־הַמִּנְחָה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים מֵאִשֵּׁי יְהֹוָה׃

4  When you present an offering of meal baked in the oven, [it shall be of] choice flour: unleavened cakes with oil mixed in, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

ד  וְכִי תַקְרִב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה מַאֲפֵה תַנּוּר סֹלֶת חַלּוֹת מַצֹּת בְּלוּלֹת בַּשֶּׁמֶן וּרְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת מְשֻׁחִים בַּשָּׁמֶן׃

5  If your offering is a meal offering on a griddle, it shall be of choice flour with oil mixed in, unleavened.

ה  וְאִם־מִנְחָה עַל־הַמַּחֲבַת קָרְבָּנֶךָ סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן מַצָּה תִהְיֶה׃

6  Break it into bits and pour oil on it; it is a meal offering.

ו  פָּתוֹת אֹתָהּ פִּתִּים וְיָצַקְתָּ עָלֶיהָ שָׁמֶן מִנְחָה הִוא׃

7  If your offering is a meal offering in a pan, it shall be made of choice flour in oil.

ז  וְאִם־מִנְחַת מַרְחֶשֶׁת קָרְבָּנֶךָ סֹלֶת בַּשֶּׁמֶן תֵּעָשֶׂה׃

8  When you present to Hashem a meal offering that is made in any of these ways, it shall be brought to the Kohen who shall take it up to the mizbayach.

ח  וְהֵבֵאתָ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָה אֲשֶׁר יֵעָשֶׂה מֵאֵלֶּה לַיהֹוָה וְהִקְרִיבָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְהִגִּישָׁהּ אֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃

9  The Kohen shall remove the token portion from the meal offering and turn it into smoke on the mizbayach as an offering by fire, of pleasing odor to Hashem.

ט  וְהֵרִים הַכֹּהֵן מִן־הַמִּנְחָה אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהֹוָה׃

10  And the remainder of the meal offering shall be for Aharon and his sons, a most holy portion from Hashem‘s offerings by fire.

י  וְהַנּוֹתֶרֶת מִן־הַמִּנְחָה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים מֵאִשֵּׁי יְהֹוָה׃

11  No meal offering that you offer to Hashem shall be made with leaven, for no leaven or honey may be turned into smoke as an offering by fire to Hashem.

יא  כָּל־הַמִּנְחָה אֲשֶׁר תַּקְרִיבוּ לַיהֹוָה לֹא תֵעָשֶׂה חָמֵץ כִּי כָל־שְׂאֹר וְכָל־דְּבַשׁ לֹא־תַקְטִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ אִשֶּׁה לַיהֹוָה׃

12  You may bring them to Hashem as an offering of choice products; but they shall not be offered up on the mizbayach for a pleasing odor.

יב  קָרְבַּן רֵאשִׁית תַּקְרִיבוּ אֹתָם לַיהֹוָה וְאֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֹא־יַעֲלוּ לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ׃

13  You shall season your every offering of meal with salt; you shall not omit from your meal offering the salt of your covenant with Hashem; with all your offerings you must offer salt.

יג  וְכָל־קָרְבַּן מִנְחָתְךָ בַּמֶּלַח תִּמְלָח וְלֹא תַשְׁבִּית מֶלַח בְּרִית אֱלֹהֶיךָ מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶךָ עַל כָּל־קָרְבָּנְךָ תַּקְרִיב מֶלַח׃

14  If you bring a meal offering of first fruits to Hashem, you shall bring new ears parched with fire, grits of the fresh grain, as your meal offering of first fruits.

יד  וְאִם־תַּקְרִיב מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרִים לַיהֹוָה אָבִיב קָלוּי בָּאֵשׁ גֶּרֶשׂ כַּרְמֶל תַּקְרִיב אֵת מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרֶיךָ׃

15  You shall add oil to it and lay frankincense on it; it is a meal offering.

טו  וְנָתַתָּ עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְשַׂמְתָּ עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה מִנְחָה הִוא׃

16  And the Kohen shall turn a token portion of it into smoke: some of the grits and oil, with all of the frankincense, as an offering by fire to Hashem.

טז  וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ מִגִּרְשָׂהּ וּמִשַּׁמְנָהּ עַל כָּל־לְבֹנָתָהּ אִשֶּׁה לַיהֹוָה׃

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Comments ( 3 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bibleā„¢.

  • Whether you have the meAns or not HaShem knows the heart. He alone knows our motives and our attitudes behind our giving. When I gave out of my abundance I gave but to be honest I don't think I really knew or understood how much of a sacrifice it was for someone to give out of their necessities until my circumstances changed. I must admit though the thoughts do enter my head…..I could use this to pay for this or that…then I remember Hashem supplies all my needs, He is my Sherpherd I do not lack…….then it comes down to obedience,

  • Our Torah teacher brought out the idea that the value of a gift is determined by the giver. I’ve put a great deal of time considering in light of the different levels of offerings that could be brought to the Temple.
    A rich man could easily afford to give the sacrifice of a bull, maybe even several times a year. Giving the gift would have had little impact on the daily life of his family. They would still sit down to a fine supper that evening and never miss the value of the bull that was given to Elohim.
    A poor man desiring to bring an offering may have had to scrape together the means to make the offering. It could very well have meant hardship to his family and their supper may have been a bit less than usual.
    In this way, I see that my understanding of the “value” of the offerings is totally upside down. While a bull would have been a wonderful offering to be able to make, the offering that required some measure of sacrifice on the part of the giver would have been even better in the eyes of Elohim.
    There’s much to be learned here.
    Baruch Hashem.

  • Sadly, the error of “meat” for “meal” made it way throughout the entire chapter. Don’t mean to be picky, but it’s a mistake that misconstrues the entire meaning of the text for the casual reader.

    Hashem makes it possible for everyone to come and make a sacrifice to HIM even if they don’t have the means to bring a more expensive animal sacrifice.

    More importantly, (to me), it’s good to see “bread” and “meat” on HIS table as we come to do our “business” with HIM. It puts me more in the mind of sitting down at the table and having a real fellowship with HIM through these sacrifices. HE makes it even better when HE allows wine on the altar. Wine is something that in our house is reserved for very special occasions. What could be more special than coming to HIS table?

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Leviticus 2

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