1 After that, I will pour out My spirit on all flesh; Your sons and daughters shall prophesy; Your old men shall dream dreams, And your young men shall see visions.
v’-ha-YAH a-kha-ray KHAYN esh-POKH et ru-KHEE al kol ba-SAR v’-ni-b’-U b’-nay-KHEM uv-no-tay-KHEM zik-nay-KHEM kha-lo-MOT ya-kha-lo-MUN ba-KHU-ray-KHEM khez-yo-NOT yir-U
א וְהָיָה אַחֲרֵי־כֵן אֶשְׁפּוֹךְ אֶת־רוּחִי עַל־כָּל־בָּשָׂר וְנִבְּאוּ בְּנֵיכֶם וּבְנוֹתֵיכֶם זִקְנֵיכֶם חֲלֹמוֹת יַחֲלֹמוּן בַּחוּרֵיכֶם חֶזְיֹנוֹת יִרְאוּ׃
3:1 I will pour out My spirit on all flesh
Yoel describes how, in the end of days, there will be an outpouring of God’s spirit and prophecy among all people, young and old, male and female. This is, in fact, Moshe’s fervent wish when Yehoshua confronts him with the complaint that Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp. Moshe responds “would that all Hashem’s people were prophets, that Hashem put His spirit upon them!” (Numbers 11:29). The medieval commentator Ibn Ezra narrows the meaning of Yoel’s prophecy to those who reside in the Land of Israel. Only in the Holy Land can one reach the spiritual heights necessary to communicate with the Divine.