1 Hear the word of Hashem, O people of Yisrael! For Hashem has a case Against the inhabitants of this land, Because there is no honesty and no goodness And no obedience to Hashem in the land.
shim-U d’-var a-do-NAI b’-NAY yis-ra-AYL KEE REEV la-do-NAI im yo-sh’-VAY ha-A-retz KEE ayn e-MET v’-ayn KHE-sed v’-ayn DA-at e-lo-HEEM ba-A-retz
א שִׁמְעוּ דְבַר־יְהֹוָה בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי רִיב לַיהֹוָה עִם־יוֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ כִּי אֵין־אֱמֶת וְאֵין־חֶסֶד וְאֵין־דַּעַת אֱלֹהִים בָּאָרֶץ׃
4:1 No obedience to Hashem in the land
Hoshea begins to outline Hashem’s case against His people by stating that there is no truth, no mercy, and no “da’at Elokim” in the land. Da’at Elokim is translated here as ‘obedience to Hashem,’ but literally means ‘knowledge of Hashem.’ From this negative statement, we can see Hoshea’s conception of the ideal person: One who is honest, kind, and “knows” God. To “know God” is reminiscent of the Bible’s description of the ideal, intimate relationship between husband and wife, described as, “Now the man knew his wife Chava” (Genesis 4:1). The ideal relationship described by this term encompasses not only the physical dimension, but includes total comprehension or knowledge of the other. Through study of the Bible and the world which God created, we can come as close as possible to understand and to know Hashem.