3 So he went and married Gomer daughter of Diblaim. She conceived and bore him a son,
ג וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיִּקַּח אֶת־גֹּמֶר בַּת־דִּבְלָיִם וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד־לוֹ בֵּן׃
Hoshea describes how the nation’s present troubles stem from the manner in which the ruling dynasty of the kingdom of Israel, the house of Yehu, had achieved power. The Yizrael valley runs through the northern hills of Israel, from Megiddo to Beit Shean, and was one of the major highways in antiquity. The ancient city of Yizrael, located on the western edge of the Gilboa mountain range, overlooked the valley and was a very important city for the northern kingdom of Yisrael. It was strategically located, affording great military advantage, and the nearby Yizrael spring provided ample water for the city as well as for travellers. It was there that the coup d’état, in which Yehu overthrew the idolatrous house of Achav, took place. Though originally supported by the prophet Elisha, the takeover became exceedingly violent and bloodthirsty, and Hoshea promises that Yehu will be punished accordingly. Hoshea reminds us that even when beginning with good intentions, power and authority can easily corrupt.
6 She conceived again and bore a daughter; and He said to him, “Name her Lo-ruhamah; for I will no longer accept the House of Yisrael or pardon them.
ו וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בַּת וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ קְרָא שְׁמָהּ לֹא רֻחָמָה כִּי לֹא אוֹסִיף עוֹד אֲרַחֵם אֶת־בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי־נָשֹׂא אֶשָּׂא לָהֶם׃
7 But I will accept the House of Yehuda. And I will give them victory through Hashem their God; I will not give them victory with bow and sword and battle, by horses and riders.)”
ז וְאֶת־בֵּית יְהוּדָה אֲרַחֵם וְהוֹשַׁעְתִּים בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וְלֹא אוֹשִׁיעֵם בְּקֶשֶׁת וּבְחֶרֶב וּבְמִלְחָמָה בְּסוּסִים וּבְפָרָשִׁים׃
8 After weaning Lo-ruhamah, she conceived and bore a son.
ח וַתִּגְמֹל אֶת־לֹא רֻחָמָה וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן׃
9 Then He said, “Name him Lo-ammi; for you are not My people, and I will not be your [Hashem].”
ט וַיֹּאמֶר קְרָא שְׁמוֹ לֹא עַמִּי כִּי אַתֶּם לֹא עַמִּי וְאָנֹכִי לֹא־אֶהְיֶה לָכֶם׃