Ezra 10:9
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9  All the men of Yehuda and Binyamin assembled in Yerushalayim in three days; it was the ninth month, the twentieth of the month. All the people sat in the square of the House of Hashem, trembling on account of the event and because of the rains.

va-yi-ka-v’-TZU khol an-SHAY y’-hu-DAH u-vin-ya-MIN y’-ru-sha-LA-im lish-LO-shet ha-ya-MEEM HU KHO-desh ha-t’-shee-EE b’-es-REEM ba-KHO-desh va-yay-sh’-VU khol ha-AM bir-KHOV BAYT ha-e-lo-HEEM mar-ee-DEEM al ha-da-VAR u-may-ha-g’-sha-MEEM

ט  וַיִּקָּבְצוּ כָל־אַנְשֵׁי־יְהוּדָה וּבִנְיָמִן יְרוּשָׁלַ ִם לִשְׁלֹשֶׁת הַיָּמִים הוּא חֹדֶשׁ הַתְּשִׁיעִי בְּעֶשְׂרִים בַּחֹדֶשׁ וַיֵּשְׁבוּ כָל־הָעָם בִּרְחוֹב בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים מַרְעִידִים עַל־הַדָּבָר וּמֵהַגְּשָׁמִים׃

 10:9   All the men of Yehuda and Binyamin assembled in Yerushalayim

This verse only mentions the tribes of Yehuda and Binyamin, the two tribes that made up the ancient kingdom of Yehuda that had been exiled to Babylon. The other ten tribes who had formed the kingdom of Yisrael had been exiled earlier by the Assyrians, forced to assimilate and became lost to the Nation of Israel. Although today, almost all Jews are descendants of the ancient tribe of Yehuda, the modern Jewish state was called “Israel” and not “Judah.” The supratribal name “Israel” provides the most comprehensive framework for the realization of Yechezkel’s vision: “Thus said Hashem: I am going to take the stick of Yosef — which is in the hand of Efraim and of the tribes of Yisrael associated with him — and I will place the stick of Yehudah upon it and make them into one stick; they shall be joined in My hand…. I will make them a single nation in the land, on the hills of Yisrael, and one king shall be king of them all. Never again shall they be two nations, and never again shall they be divided into two kingdoms” (Ezekiel 37:19, 22). The State’s founders wished to be as inclusive as possible, allowing room for the vast cultural and ethnic diversity of the incoming exiles and thus fulfilling a role in the prophetic return of the lost ten tribes, along with the tribes of Yehuda and Binyamin, to the Land of Israel.

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Ezra 10
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Ezra 10:9

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