ג דַּבֵּר וְאָמַרְתָּ כֹּה־אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הִנְנִי עָלֶיךָ פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ־מִצְרַיִם הַתַּנִּים הַגָּדוֹל הָרֹבֵץ בְּתוֹךְ יְאֹרָיו אֲשֶׁר אָמַר לִי יְאֹרִי וַאֲנִי עֲשִׂיתִנִי׃
29:3 My Nile is my own
The wicked Pharaoh boasts that he has no need for heavenly powers, as his nation does not depend on rainfall for its sustenance. Each year, the mighty Nile river would overflow, ensuring the irrigation and growth of Egyptian crops. In contrast, Eretz Yisrael does not have a water source that it can depend on; rather it “soaks up its water from the rains of heaven” (Deuteronomy 11:11). While at first glance it may appear that the Nile is entirely reliable, Pharaoh fails to recognize that he is missing the singular relationship with God which exists in the Land of Israel. As the Torah states, since Eretz Yisrael is dependent on rainfall, it is the land “which Hashem your God looks after, on which Hashem your God always keeps His eye” (ibid 12).