9 So the king’s scribes were summoned at that time, on the twenty-third day of the third month, that is, the month of Sivan; and letters were written, at Mordechai‘s dictation, to the Yehudim and to the satraps, the governors and the officials of the one hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India to Ethiopia: to every province in its own script and to every people in its own language, and to the Yehudim in their own script and language.
va-yi-ka-r’-U so-f’-RAY ha-ME-lekh ba-ayt ha-HEE ba-KHO-desh ha-sh’-lee-SHEE hu KHO-desh see-VAN bish-lo-SHAH v’-es-REEM BO va-yi-ka-TAYV k’-khol a-sher tzi-VAH mor-d’-KHAI el ha-y’-hu-DEEM v’-EL ha-a-khash-dar-p’-NEEM v’-ha-pa-KHOT v’-sa-RAY ha-m’-dee-NOT a-SHER may-HO-du v’-ad KUSH SHE-va v’-es-REEM u-may-AH m’-dee-NAH m’-dee-NAH um-dee-NAH kikh-ta-VAH v’-AM va-AM kil-sho-NO v’-EL ha-y’-hu-DEEM kikh-ta-VAM v’-khil-sho-NAM
ט וַיִּקָּרְאוּ סֹפְרֵי־הַמֶּלֶךְ בָּעֵת־הַהִיא בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁלִישִׁי הוּא־חֹדֶשׁ סִיוָן בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁה וְעֶשְׂרִים בּוֹ וַיִּכָּתֵב כְּכָל־אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה מָרְדֳּכַי אֶל־הַיְּהוּדִים וְאֶל הָאֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנִים־וְהַפַּחוֹת וְשָׂרֵי הַמְּדִינוֹת אֲשֶׁר מֵהֹדּוּ וְעַד־כּוּשׁ שֶׁבַע וְעֶשְׂרִים וּמֵאָה מְדִינָה מְדִינָה וּמְדִינָה כִּכְתָבָהּ וְעַם וָעָם כִּלְשֹׁנוֹ וְאֶל־הַיְּהוּדִים כִּכְתָבָם וְכִלְשׁוֹנָם׃
8:9 Of the third month, that is, the month of Sivan
This verse refers to the third month of the Jewish calendar, called Sivan. Throughout Megillat Esther, the Hebrew months are referred to by both number and name. Ramban (Exodus 12:2) teaches that originally the months were referred to by numbers, with the first month being the month of the redemption from Egypt, in order to commemorate the Exodus. During the Babylonian exile, however, the Jews adopted the Persian names for the months, which are used to this day. Just as the original numbering of the months included a reference to the Exodus from Egypt, the Persian names recall the return of the Jewish people from the Babylonian exile and the land of the Persians. In this way, all references to the Jewish calendar contain a subtle allusion to the first redemption from exile and the re-entry into the Land of Israel.