Esther 3:13
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13  Accordingly, written instructions were dispatched by couriers to all the king’s provinces to destroy, massacre, and exterminate all the Yehudim, young

and old, children and women, on a single day, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month—that is, the month of Adar—and to plunder their possessions.

יג  וְנִשְׁלוֹחַ סְפָרִים בְּיַד הָרָצִים אֶל־כָּל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ לְהַשְׁמִיד לַהֲרֹג וּלְאַבֵּד אֶת־כָּל־הַיְּהוּדִים מִנַּעַר וְעַד־זָקֵן טַף

 3:13   To destroy, massacre, and exterminate all the Yehudim

When the Children of Israel in Exile, the land always awaits their return.

Usually, the Torah gives us the reason why an individual, or the nation as a whole, are punished. Megillat Esther, however, does not explicitly state what the people did to deserve the threat of annihilation. When viewed in historical context, it becomes clear that the Jews of Shushan were guilty for not having returned to Eretz Yisrael even though they had the opportunity to do so. After the Persian king Cyrus conquered the Babylonians, he allowed the Children of Israel to return to the Land of Israel and begin reconstruction of the Beit Hamikdash. However, a mere 42,360 returned to Yerushalayim (Ezra 2:64) while close to a million remained in Babylonia. The generation was therefore punished for their lack of enthusiasm towards returning to Israel. This teaches us the importance of making every effort to embrace the land and to physically return to it whenever possible.

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Comments ( 5 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • PAULINE ALLEN

    LETTERS WERE SENT BY COURIRES TO ALL THE KINGS PROVINCES TO DESTROY, TO KILL AND TO ANNIHILATE ALL THE JEWS, BOTH YOUNG AND OLD, WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN ON DAY, THE THIRTEENTH DAY OF THE TWELVETH MONTH, WHICH IS THE MONTH OF ADAR MARCH 7, 473BC, AND TO SEIZE THEIR BELONGINGS AS PLUNDER.

  • Phil Lambert

    Isaiah 53
    53 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
    2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
    3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
    4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
    5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
    6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
    7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
    8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
    9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
    10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.
    11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
    12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

  • Shlomenu

    i desire geula

  • Is it because when told to kill everything, and Saul didn't. He spared Agag, and also the livestock. I thought that Haman was an Agagite. If Saul killed all the Agagites then how does Haman fit into all this, he must be a dscendant of Agag and thus revenge was on his agenda. Please correct me if I have got this wrong!

  • This is an interesting perspective that this event happened because the Jews didn’t return to Y’srael when they had the opportunity to do so.
    How does that apply to the manner Jewish people today that still live scattered throughout the nations of the world?
    While there are many instances of attacks and persecution reported world-wide, it still seems that there are many content to live out their lives where they are living now.
    It’s a mystery to me as I would love to have the opportunity to live in the Land, but I’m denied this blessing.
    Baruch Hashem.

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Esther 3:13

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