Esther 1:3
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3  in the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all the officials and courtiers—the administration of Persia and Media, the nobles and the governors of the provinces in his service.

bish-NAT sha-LOSH l’-mol-KHO a-SAH mish-TEH l’-khol sa-RAV va-a-va-DAV KHAYL pa-RAS u-ma-DAI ha-par-t’-MEEM v’-sa-RAY ha-m’-dee-NOT l’-fa-NAV

ג  בִּשְׁנַת שָׁלוֹשׁ לְמָלְכוֹ עָשָׂה מִשְׁתֶּה לְכָל־שָׂרָיו וַעֲבָדָיו חֵיל פָּרַס וּמָדַי הַפַּרְתְּמִים וְשָׂרֵי הַמְּדִינוֹת לְפָנָיו׃

 1:3   He gave a banquet 

What reason was there to celebrate in Ahasuerus’s third year? The prophet Yirmiyahu, who lived at the end of the first Temple period, prophesied that the Children of Israel would be in exile for seventy years (Jeremiah 29:10). According to the Sages (Megilla 11b), Ahasuerus erroneously calculated that these seventy years had elapsed and that Hashem had forsaken the Jewish people and the Land of Israel. Not only did he host a celebratory banquet, but the Sages add that he donned the vestments of the high priest and used captured vessels from the Beit Hamikdash to emphasize this point. Punishment was exacted on Queen Vashti, wife of Ahasuerus and the granddaughter of Nebuchadnezzar, the wicked ruler who had destroyed the Temple. The Sages teach that Vashti convinced her husband not to allow the rebuilding of the Beit Hamikdash in Yerushalayim during his reign. Therefore, Vashti is punished.

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Comments ( 2 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • This commentary troubles me as I see nothing in the Scriptures to support any of the Sages conclusions here. I can’t understand why it’s first reported that the exact time and reign of the king mentioned here can’t be pinpointed to an exact time, but the “sages” want to pinpoint his reign to a prophecy.
    I also don’t understand why the king is being charged with dressing up in the robes of the High Priest, an act that got Belshazzar killed immediately and yet the king’s punishment is being exacted on Queen Vashti.
    I get very uncomfortable with commentary that adds unverifiable details to the Scriptures in order to manipulate the story to have some other meaning. I chose to disregard such commentary.
    Baruch Hashem.

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Esther 1:3

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