shim-U ha-da-VAR ha-ZEH pa-ROT ha-ba-SHAN a-SHER b’-HAR sho-m’-RON ha-o-sh’-KOT da-LEEM ha-ro-tz’-TZOT ev-yo-NEEM ha-o-m’-ROT la-a-do-nay-HEM ha-VEE-ah v’-nish-TEH
א שִׁמְעוּ הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה פָּרוֹת הַבָּשָׁן אֲשֶׁר בְּהַר שֹׁמְרוֹן הָעֹשְׁקוֹת דַּלִּים הָרֹצְצוֹת אֶבְיוֹנִים הָאֹמְרֹת לַאֲדֹנֵיהֶם הָבִיאָה וְנִשְׁתֶּה׃
4:1 You cows of Bashan
Sparing no one in his denunciations, Amos speaks against the women of Shomron. Their selfish lifestyle and constant consumption forces their husbands to continually extort money from the poor to satisfy their extravagant tastes. He compares these women to the cattle of Bashan, who constantly consume grains and ask the masters for more to drink. The plains of Bashan are located east of the Sea of Galilee, on the banks of the Yarmuk river in Trans-Jordan. They were considered among the richest lands in biblical times (Deuteronomy 32:14, Ezekiel 39:18, Psalms 22:13).