4 David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.
ד בֶּן־שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה דָּוִד בְּמָלְכוֹ אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה מָלָךְ׃
6 The king and his men set out for Yerushalayim against the Jebusites who inhabited the region. David was told, “You will never get in here! Even the blind and the lame will turn you back.” (They meant: David will never enter here.)
ו וַיֵּלֶךְ הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲנָשָׁיו יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֶל־הַיְבֻסִי יוֹשֵׁב הָאָרֶץ וַיֹּאמֶר לְדָוִד לֵאמֹר לֹא־תָבוֹא הֵנָּה כִּי אִם־הֱסִירְךָ הַעִוְרִים וְהַפִּסְחִים לֵאמֹר לֹא־יָבוֹא דָוִד הֵנָּה׃
Once the entire nation of Israel unites behind King David, he is able to conquer the holy city of Yerushalayim from the pagan Jebusites, and to rule there for thirty-three years. His palace is located in the City of David, just outside the present walls of the Old City of Yerushalayim. After fifteen years of archaeological excavations at this site, a Canaanite fortress dating back to the eighteenth century BCE was uncovered. This impressive structure is the largest fortress to have been discovered in Israel from before the time of King Herod. It protects the Gichon spring where Shlomo is anointed king (I Kings 1:38), making it possible to access the spring only from within the city of Yerushalayim. As this verse describes, when King David enters the city he conquers the “stronghold of Tzion” from the Jebusites, quite possibly referring to this very fortress discovered thousands of years later. Visitors to modern day Yerushalayim can visit this site and be inspired by seeing first hand evidence of the truth of the Bible.
8 On that occasion David said, “Those who attack the Jebusites shall reach the water channel and [strike down] the lame and the blind, who are hateful to David.” That is why they say: “No one who is blind or lame may enter the House.”
10 David kept growing stronger, for Hashem, the God of Hosts, was with him.
י וַיֵּלֶךְ דָּוִד הָלוֹךְ וְגָדוֹל וַיהוָה אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֹת עִמּוֹ׃
15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, and Japhia;
טו וְיִבְחָר וֶאֱלִישׁוּעַ וְנֶפֶג וְיָפִיעַ׃
18 The Philistines came and spread out over the Valley of Rephaim.
יח וּפְלִשְׁתִּים בָּאוּ וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים׃
20 Thereupon David marched to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. And he said, “Hashem has broken through my enemies before me as waters break through [a dam].” That is why that place was named Baal-perazim.
כא וַיַּעַזְבוּ־שָׁם אֶת־עֲצַבֵּיהֶם וַיִּשָּׂאֵם דָּוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו׃
22 Once again the Philistines marched up and spread out over the Valley of Rephaim.
כב וַיֹּסִפוּ עוֹד פְּלִשְׁתִּים לַעֲלוֹת וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים׃
23 David inquired of Hashem, and He answered, “Do not go up, but circle around behind them and confront them at the baca trees.
כג וַיִּשְׁאַל דָּוִד בַּיהוָה וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא תַעֲלֶה הָסֵב אֶל־אַחֲרֵיהֶם וּבָאתָ לָהֶם מִמּוּל בְּכָאִים׃
24 And when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the baca trees, then go into action, for Hashem will be going in front of you to attack the Philistine forces.”
כד וִיהִי בשמעך [כְּשָׁמְעֲךָ] אֶת־קוֹל צְעָדָה בְּרָאשֵׁי הַבְּכָאִים אָז תֶּחֱרָץ כִּי אָז יָצָא יְהוָה לְפָנֶיךָ לְהַכּוֹת בְּמַחֲנֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים׃