II Kings 24
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1  In his days, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came up, and Yehoyakim became his vassal for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him.

א  בְּיָמָיו עָלָה נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וַיְהִי־לוֹ יְהוֹיָקִים עֶבֶד שָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים וַיָּשָׁב וַיִּמְרָד־בּוֹ׃

2  Hashem let loose against him the raiding bands of the Chaldeans, Arameans, Moabites, and Amonites; He let them loose against Yehuda to destroy it, in accordance with the word that Hashem had spoken through His servants the Neviim.

ב  וַיְשַׁלַּח יְהֹוָה בּוֹ אֶת־גְּדוּדֵי כַשְׂדִּים וְאֶת־גְּדוּדֵי אֲרָם וְאֵת גְּדוּדֵי מוֹאָב וְאֵת גְּדוּדֵי בְנֵי־עַמּוֹן וַיְשַׁלְּחֵם בִּיהוּדָה לְהַאֲבִידוֹ כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים׃

3  All this befell Yehuda at the command of Hashem, who banished [them] from His presence because of all the sins that Menashe had committed,

ג  אַךְ עַל־פִּי יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה בִּיהוּדָה לְהָסִיר מֵעַל פָּנָיו בְּחַטֹּאת מְנַשֶּׁה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה׃

4  and also because of the blood of the innocent that he shed. For he filled Yerushalayim with the blood of the innocent, and Hashem would not forgive.

ד  וְגַם דַּם־הַנָּקִי אֲשֶׁר שָׁפָךְ וַיְמַלֵּא אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַם דָּם נָקִי וְלֹא־אָבָה יְהֹוָה לִסְלֹחַ׃

5  The other events of Yehoyakim‘s reign, and all of his actions, are recorded in the Annals of the Kings of Yehuda.

ה  וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹיָקִים וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה הֲלֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה׃

6  Yehoyakim slept with his fathers, and his son Yehoyachin succeeded him as king.

ו  וַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹיָקִים עִם־אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ יְהוֹיָכִין בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו׃

7  The king of Egypt did not venture out of his country again, for the king of Babylon had seized all the land that had belonged to the king of Egypt, from the Wadi of Egypt to the River Euphrates.

ז  וְלֹא־הֹסִיף עוֹד מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם לָצֵאת מֵאַרְצוֹ כִּי־לָקַח מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל מִנַּחַל מִצְרַיִם עַד־נְהַר־פְּרָת כֹּל אֲשֶׁר הָיְתָה לְמֶלֶךְ מִצְרָיִם׃

8  Yehoyachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Yerushalayim; his mother’s name was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan of Yerushalayim.

ח  בֶּן־שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה יְהוֹיָכִין בְּמָלְכוֹ וּשְׁלֹשָׁה חֳדָשִׁים מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ נְחֻשְׁתָּא בַת־אֶלְנָתָן מִירוּשָׁלִָם׃

9  He did what was displeasing to Hashem, just as his father had done.

ט  וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה אָבִיו׃

10  At that time, the troops of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon marched against Yerushalayim, and the city came under siege.

י  בָּעֵת הַהִיא עלה [עָלוּ] עַבְדֵי נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל יְרוּשָׁלִָם וַתָּבֹא הָעִיר בַּמָּצוֹר׃

11  King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon advanced against the city while his troops were besieging it.

יא  וַיָּבֹא נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל עַל־הָעִיר וַעֲבָדָיו צָרִים עָלֶיהָ׃

12  Thereupon King Yehoyachin of Yehuda, along with his mother, and his courtiers, commanders, and officers, surrendered to the king of Babylon. The king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign.

יב  וַיֵּצֵא יְהוֹיָכִין מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה עַל־מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל הוּא וְאִמּוֹ וַעֲבָדָיו וְשָׂרָיו וְסָרִיסָיו וַיִּקַּח אֹתוֹ מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בִּשְׁנַת שְׁמֹנֶה לְמָלְכוֹ׃

13  He carried off from Yerushalayim all the treasures of the House of Hashem and the treasures of the royal palace; he stripped off all the golden decorations in the Temple of Hashem—which King Shlomo of Yisrael had made—as Hashem had warned.

יג  וַיּוֹצֵא מִשָּׁם אֶת־כָּל־אוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְאוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיְקַצֵּץ אֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵי הַזָּהָב אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה שְׁלֹמֹה מֶלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּהֵיכַל יְהֹוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה׃

14  He exiled all of Yerushalayim: all the commanders and all the warriors—ten thousand exiles—as well as all the craftsmen and smiths; only the poorest people in the land were left.

v’-hig-LAH et kol y’-ru-sha-LA-im v’-et kol ha-sa-REEM v’-AYT kol gi-bo-RAY ha-KHA-yil a-SE-ret a-la-FEEM go-LEH v’-khol he-kha-RASH v’-ha-mas-GAYR lo nish-AR zu-LAT da-LAT am ha-A-retz

יד  וְהִגְלָה אֶת־כָּל־יְרוּשָׁלַ ִם וְאֶת־כָּל־הַשָּׂרִים וְאֵת כָּל־גִּבּוֹרֵי הַחַיִל עשרה [עֲשֶׂרֶת] אֲלָפִים גּוֹלֶה וְכָל־הֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר לֹא נִשְׁאַר זוּלַת דַּלַּת עַם־הָאָרֶץ׃

24:14   All the craftsmen and smiths

During the first stage of the exile to Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar carried away all the leaders of the Children of Israel, in the stage of exile known as galut cheresh umasger, “the exile of the craftsmen and smiths.” During this exile, the royalty, military elite, Torah scholars and all the dignitaries were taken away from Yerushalayim. Nebuchadnezzar left behind only the poor people, ruled by a government under his control. By depriving the people of their leadership, Nebuchadnezzar believed that he would end all possibility of revolt against his rule. Yet, due to Hashem’s intention to destroy the city, a rebellion leading to the ultimate destruction will take place. Despite the plans of even the most powerful human beings, God’s plans can never be thwarted.Comment

15  He deported Yehoyachin to Babylon; and the king’s wives and officers and the notables of the land were brought as exiles from Yerushalayim to Babylon.

טו  וַיֶּגֶל אֶת־יְהוֹיָכִין בָּבֶלָה וְאֶת־אֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁי הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־סָרִיסָיו וְאֵת אולי [אֵילֵי] הָאָרֶץ הוֹלִיךְ גּוֹלָה מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה׃

16  All the able men, to the number of seven thousand—all of them warriors, trained for battle—and a thousand craftsmen and smiths were brought to Babylon as exiles by the king of Babylon.

טז  וְאֵת כָּל־אַנְשֵׁי הַחַיִל שִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים וְהֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר אֶלֶף הַכֹּל גִּבּוֹרִים עֹשֵׂי מִלְחָמָה וַיְבִיאֵם מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל גּוֹלָה בָּבֶלָה׃

17  And the king of Babylon appointed Mattaniah, Yehoyachin‘s uncle, king in his place, changing his name to Tzidkiyahu.

יז  וַיַּמְלֵךְ מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל אֶת־מַתַּנְיָה דֹדוֹ תַּחְתָּיו וַיַּסֵּב אֶת־שְׁמוֹ צִדְקִיָּהוּ׃

18  Tzidkiyahu was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Yerushalayim; his mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Yirmiyahu of Libnah.

יח  בֶּן־עֶשְׂרִים וְאַחַת שָׁנָה צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְמָלְכוֹ וְאַחַת עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ חמיטל [חֲמוּטַל] בַּת־יִרְמְיָהוּ מִלִּבְנָה׃

19  He did what was displeasing to Hashem, just as Yehoyakim had done.

יט  וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה יְהוֹיָקִים׃

20  Indeed, Yerushalayim and Yehuda were a cause of anger for Hashem, so that He cast them out of His presence. Tzidkiyahu rebelled against the king of Babylon.

כ  כִּי עַל־אַף יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה בִירוּשָׁלִַם וּבִיהוּדָה עַד־הִשְׁלִכוֹ אֹתָם מֵעַל פָּנָיו וַיִּמְרֹד צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְּמֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל׃

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II Kings 24

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