II Kings 14
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1  In the second year of Joash son of Joahaz king of Yisrael began Amaziah the son of Joash king of Yehuda to reign.

א  בִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם לְיוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָלַךְ אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה.

2  He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Yerushalayim; and his mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Yerushalayim.

ב  בֶּן עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה הָיָה בְמָלְכוֹ וְעֶשְׂרִים וָתֵשַׁע שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָם וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ יהועדין (יְהוֹעַדָּן) מִן יְרוּשָׁלִָם.

3  And he did that which was right in the eyes of Hashem, yet not like David his father; he did according to all that Joash his father had done.

ג  וַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה רַק לֹא כְּדָוִד אָבִיו כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יוֹאָשׁ אָבִיו עָשָׂה.

4  Howbeit the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and offered in the high places.

ד  רַק הַבָּמוֹת לֹא סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת.

5  And it came to pass, as soon as the kingdom was established in his hand, that he slew his servants who had slain the king his father;

ה  וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר חָזְקָה הַמַּמְלָכָה בְּיָדוֹ וַיַּךְ אֶת עֲבָדָיו הַמַּכִּים אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ אָבִיו.

6  but the children of the murderers he put not to death; according to that which is written in the Sefer Torah of Moses, as Hashem commanded saying: ‘The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall be put to death for his own sin.’

ו  וְאֶת בְּנֵי הַמַּכִּים לֹא הֵמִית כַּכָּתוּב בְּסֵפֶר תּוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה לֵאמֹר לֹא יוּמְתוּ אָבוֹת עַל בָּנִים וּבָנִים לֹא יוּמְתוּ עַל אָבוֹת כִּי אִם אִישׁ בְּחֶטְאוֹ ימות (יוּמָת).

7  He slew of Edom in the Valley of Salt ten thousand, and took Sela by war, and called the name of it Joktheel, unto this day.

ז  הוּא הִכָּה אֶת אֱדוֹם בְּגֵי המלח (מֶלַח) עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים וְתָפַשׂ אֶת הַסֶּלַע בַּמִּלְחָמָה וַיִּקְרָא אֶת שְׁמָהּ יָקְתְאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה.

8  Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Yisrael, saying: ‘Come, let us look one another in the face.’

ח  אָז שָׁלַח אֲמַצְיָה מַלְאָכִים אֶל יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז בֶּן יֵהוּא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר לְכָה נִתְרָאֶה פָנִים.

9  And Jehoash the king of Yisrael sent to Amaziah king of Yehuda, saying: ‘The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying: Give thy daughter to my son to wife; and there passed by the wild beasts that were in Lebanon, and trod down the thistle.

ט  וַיִּשְׁלַח יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה לֵאמֹר הַחוֹחַ אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן שָׁלַח אֶל הָאֶרֶז אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן לֵאמֹר תְּנָה אֶת בִּתְּךָ לִבְנִי לְאִשָּׁה וַתַּעֲבֹר חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן וַתִּרְמֹס אֶת הַחוֹחַ.

10  Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and will thy heart lift thee up? glory therein, and remain at home; for why shouldest thou meddle with evil, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Yehuda with thee?

י  הַכֵּה הִכִּיתָ אֶת אֱדוֹם וּנְשָׂאֲךָ לִבֶּךָ הִכָּבֵד וְשֵׁב בְּבֵיתֶךָ וְלָמָּה תִתְגָּרֶה בְּרָעָה וְנָפַלְתָּה אַתָּה וִיהוּדָה עִמָּךְ.

11  But Amaziah would not hear. So Jehoash king of Yisrael went up; and he and Amaziah king of Yehuda looked one another in the face at Bet Shemesh, which belongeth to Yehuda.

יא  וְלֹא שָׁמַע אֲמַצְיָהוּ וַיַּעַל יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתְרָאוּ פָנִים הוּא וַאֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה בְּבֵית שֶׁמֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר לִיהוּדָה.

12  And Yehuda was put to the worse before Yisrael; and they fled every man to his tent.

יב  וַיִּנָּגֶף יְהוּדָה לִפְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּנֻסוּ אִישׁ לְאֹהָלָו.

13  And Jehoash king of Yisrael took Amaziah king of Yehuda, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bet Shemesh, and came to Yerushalayim, and broke down the wall of Yerushalayim from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.

יג  וְאֵת אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה בֶּן יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן אֲחַזְיָהוּ תָּפַשׂ יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּבֵית שָׁמֶשׁ ויבאו (וַיָּבֹא) יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיִּפְרֹץ בְּחוֹמַת יְרוּשָׁלִַם בְּשַׁעַר אֶפְרַיִם עַד שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אַמָּה.

14  And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of Hashem, and in the treasures of the king’s house, the hostages also, and returned to Shomron.

יד  וְלָקַח אֶת כָּל הַזָּהָב וְהַכֶּסֶף וְאֵת כָּל הַכֵּלִים הַנִּמְצְאִים בֵּית יְהוָה וּבְאֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת בְּנֵי הַתַּעֲרֻבוֹת וַיָּשָׁב שֹׁמְרוֹנָה.

15  Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Yehuda, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Yisrael?

טו  וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹאָשׁ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ וַאֲשֶׁר נִלְחַם עִם אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.

16  And Jehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Shomron with the kings of Yisrael; and Yerovam his son reigned in his stead.

טז  וַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹאָשׁ עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ יָרָבְעָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו.

17  And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Yehuda lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Yisrael fifteen years.

יז  וַיְחִי אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי מוֹת יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה.

18  Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Yehuda?

יח  וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי אֲמַצְיָהוּ הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתֻבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה.

19  And they made a conspiracy against him in Yerushalayim; and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there.

יט  וַיִּקְשְׁרוּ עָלָיו קֶשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם וַיָּנָס לָכִישָׁה וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ אַחֲרָיו לָכִישָׁה וַיְמִתֻהוּ שָׁם.

20  And they brought him upon horses; and he was buried at Yerushalayim with his fathers in the city of David.

כ  וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ עַל הַסּוּסִים וַיִּקָּבֵר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם עִם אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד.

21  And all the people of Yehuda took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah.

כא  וַיִּקְחוּ כָּל עַם יְהוּדָה אֶת עֲזַרְיָה וְהוּא בֶּן שֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה וַיַּמְלִכוּ אֹתוֹ תַּחַת אָבִיו אֲמַצְיָהוּ.

22  He built Eilat, and restored it to Yehuda, after that the king slept with his fathers.

כב  הוּא בָּנָה אֶת אֵילַת וַיְשִׁבֶהָ לִיהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי שְׁכַב הַמֶּלֶךְ עִם אֲבֹתָיו.

23  In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Yehuda Yerovam the son of Joash king of Yisrael began to reign in Shomron, and reigned forty and one years.

כג  בִּשְׁנַת חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לַאֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ יָרָבְעָם בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן אַרְבָּעִים וְאַחַת שָׁנָה.

24  And he did that which was evil in the sight of Hashem; he departed not from all the sins of Yerovam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Yisrael to sin.

כד  וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה לֹא סָר מִכָּל חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל.

25  He restored the border of Yisrael from the entrance of Hamath unto the sea of the Arabah, according to the word of Hashem, the God of Yisrael, which He spoke by the hand of His servant Yonah the son of Amittai, the Navi, who was of Gath-hepher.

hu hay-SHEEV et g’-VUL yis-ra-AYL mi-l’-VO kha-MAT ad yam ha-a-ra-VAH kid-VAR a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY yis-ra-AYL a-SHER di-BER b’-YAD av-DO yo-NAH ven a-mi-TAI ha-na-VEE a-SHER mi-GAT ha-KHAY-fer

כה  הוּא הֵשִׁיב אֶת גְּבוּל יִשְׂרָאֵל מִלְּבוֹא חֲמָת עַד יָם הָעֲרָבָה כִּדְבַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד עַבְדּוֹ יוֹנָה בֶן אֲמִתַּי הַנָּבִיא אֲשֶׁר מִגַּת הַחֵפֶר.

14:25   He spoke by the hand of His servant Yonah the son of Amittai, the Navi

The prophet Jonah here is the same prophet who we learn about in the Book of Jonah. In the Book of Jonah, the prophet runs away to avoid going to the large Assyrian city of Nineveh to deliver God’s word. Some commentators suggest that Jonah is afraid that Nineveh will obey God’s word, in contrast to the People of Israel who had not listened. This would look bad for the Children of Israel and give God even more reason to punish them. Therefore, Jonah decides the only way to protect the Israelites is to flee via boat from the Land of Israel, so that he would no longer have to deliver the prophecy to Nineveh. But he ultimately learns that one can neither flee God nor His commandments, and returns to fulfill the mission he is given.

Comment

26  For Hashem saw the affliction of Yisrael, that it was very bitter; for there was none shut up nor left at large, neither was there any helper for Yisrael.

כו  כִּי רָאָה יְהוָה אֶת עֳנִי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֹרֶה מְאֹד וְאֶפֶס עָצוּר וְאֶפֶס עָזוּב וְאֵין עֹזֵר לְיִשְׂרָאֵל.

27  And Hashem said not that He would blot out the name of Yisrael from under heaven; but He saved them by the hand of Yerovam the son of Joash.

כז  וְלֹא דִבֶּר יְהוָה לִמְחוֹת אֶת שֵׁם יִשְׂרָאֵל מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם וַיּוֹשִׁיעֵם בְּיַד יָרָבְעָם בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ.

28  Now the rest of the acts of Yerovam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, for Yehuda in Yisrael, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Yisrael?

כח  וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יָרָבְעָם וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר נִלְחָם וַאֲשֶׁר הֵשִׁיב אֶת דַּמֶּשֶׂק וְאֶת חֲמָת לִיהוּדָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.

29  And Yerovam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Yisrael; and Zechariah his son reigned in his stead.

כט  וַיִּשְׁכַּב יָרָבְעָם עִם אֲבֹתָיו עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ זְכַרְיָה בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו.

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II Kings 14