20 the menorahs and their lamps, to burn as prescribed in front of the inner Sanctuary, of solid gold;
v’-et ha-m’-no-ROT v’-nay-ro-tay-HEM l’-va-a-RAM ka-mish-PAT lif-NAY ha-d’-VEER za-HAV sa-GUR
כ וְאֶת־הַמְּנֹרוֹת וְנֵרֹתֵיהֶם לְבַעֲרָם כַּמִּשְׁפָּט לִפְנֵי הַדְּבִיר זָהָב סָגוּר׃
4:20 To burn as prescribed
The menorah, made of solid gold, was lit with pure olive oil and produced radiant light. The Talmud (Menachot 86b) states that the importance of the menorah in the Beit Hamikdash is that it showed that the Divine Presence rested among the People of Israel. As such, it was crucial that it be lit “as prescribed,” a detail to which Shlomo attended. The light of the menorah is also symbolic of the Jewish Nation’s duty to spread the light of Torah and God’s will. The pure gold and olive oil are reflective of the pure intentions necessary to have a meaningful influence upon the entire world, for the sake of Heaven.