1 Then all the people of Yehuda took Uzziyahu, who was sixteen years old, and proclaimed him king to succeed his father Amatzya.
2 It was he who rebuilt Eloth and restored it to Yehuda after King [Amatzya] slept with his fathers.
ב הוּא בָּנָה אֶת־אֵילוֹת וַיְשִׁיבֶהָ לִיהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי שְׁכַב־הַמֶּלֶךְ עִם־אֲבֹתָיו׃
4 He did what was pleasing to Hashem just as his father Amatzya had done.
ד וַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה אֲמַצְיָהוּ אָבִיו׃
5 He applied himself to the worship of Hashem during the time of Zecharya, instructor in the visions of Hashem; during the time he worshiped Hashem, Hashem made him prosper.
ה וַיְהִי לִדְרֹשׁ אֱלֹהִים בִּימֵי זְכַרְיָהוּ הַמֵּבִין בִּרְאֹת הָאֱלֹהִים וּבִימֵי דָּרְשׁוֹ אֶת־יְהֹוָה הִצְלִיחוֹ הָאֱלֹהִים׃
7 Hashem helped him against the Philistines, against the Arabs who lived in Gur-baal, and the Meunites.
ז וַיַּעְזְרֵהוּ הָאֱלֹהִים עַל־פְּלִשְׁתִּים וְעַל־הערביים [הָעַרְבִים] הַיֹּשְׁבִים בְּגוּר־בָּעַל וְהַמְּעוּנִים׃
8 The Ammonites paid tribute to Uzziyahu, and his fame spread to the approaches of Egypt, for he grew exceedingly strong.
ח וַיִּתְּנוּ הָעַמּוֹנִים מִנְחָה לְעֻזִּיָּהוּ וַיֵּלֶךְ שְׁמוֹ עַד־לְבוֹא מִצְרַיִם כִּי הֶחֱזִיק עַד־לְמָעְלָה׃
9 Uzziyahu built towers in Yerushalayim on the Corner Gate and the Valley Gate and on the Angle, and fortified them.
ט וַיִּבֶן עֻזִּיָּהוּ מִגְדָּלִים בִּירוּשָׁלַ ִם עַל־שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה וְעַל־שַׁעַר הַגַּיְא וְעַל־הַמִּקְצוֹעַ וַיְחַזְּקֵם׃
10 He built towers in the wilderness and hewed out many cisterns, for he had much cattle, and farmers in the foothills and on the plain, and vine dressers in the mountains and on the fertile lands, for he loved the soil.
י וַיִּבֶן מִגְדָּלִים בַּמִּדְבָּר וַיַּחְצֹב בֹּרוֹת רַבִּים כִּי מִקְנֶה־רַּב הָיָה לוֹ וּבַשְּׁפֵלָה וּבַמִּישׁוֹר אִכָּרִים וְכֹרְמִים בֶּהָרִים וּבַכַּרְמֶל כִּי־אֹהֵב אֲדָמָה הָיָה׃
11 Uzziyahu had an army of warriors, a battle-ready force who were mustered by Jeiel the scribe and Maasseiah the adjutant under Chananya, one of the king’s officers.
יא וַיְהִי לְעֻזִּיָּהוּ חַיִל עֹשֵׂה מִלְחָמָה יוֹצְאֵי צָבָא לִגְדוּד בְּמִסְפַּר פְּקֻדָּתָם בְּיַד יעואל [יְעִיאֵל] הַסּוֹפֵר וּמַעֲשֵׂיָהוּ הַשּׁוֹטֵר עַל יַד־חֲנַנְיָהוּ מִשָּׂרֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ׃
12 The clan chiefs, valiants, totaled 2,600;
יב כֹּל מִסְפַּר רָאשֵׁי הָאָבוֹת לְגִבּוֹרֵי חָיִל אַלְפַּיִם וְשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת׃
13 under them was the trained army of 307,500, who made war with might and power to aid the king against the enemy.
יג וְעַל־יָדָם חֵיל צָבָא שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף וְשִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת עוֹשֵׂי מִלְחָמָה בְּכֹחַ חָיִל לַעְזֹר לַמֶּלֶךְ עַל־הָאוֹיֵב׃
14 Uzziyahu provided them—the whole army—with shields and spears, and helmets and mail, and bows and slingstones.
יד וַיָּכֶן לָהֶם עֻזִּיָּהוּ לְכָל־הַצָּבָא מָגִנִּים וּרְמָחִים וְכוֹבָעִים וְשִׁרְיֹנוֹת וּקְשָׁתוֹת וּלְאַבְנֵי קְלָעִים׃
15 He made clever devices in Yerushalayim, set on the towers and the corners, for shooting arrows and large stones. His fame spread far, for he was helped wonderfully, and he became strong.
טו וַיַּעַשׂ בִּירוּשָׁלַ ִם חִשְּׁבֹנוֹת מַחֲשֶׁבֶת חוֹשֵׁב לִהְיוֹת עַל־הַמִּגְדָּלִים וְעַל־הַפִּנּוֹת לִירוֹא בַּחִצִּים וּבָאֲבָנִים גְּדֹלוֹת וַיֵּצֵא שְׁמוֹ עַד־לְמֵרָחוֹק כִּי־הִפְלִיא לְהֵעָזֵר עַד כִּי־חָזָק׃
16 When he was strong, he grew so arrogant he acted corruptly: he trespassed against his God by entering the Temple of Hashem to offer incense on the incense mizbayach.
טז וּכְחֶזְקָתוֹ גָּבַהּ לִבּוֹ עַד־לְהַשְׁחִית וַיִּמְעַל בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהָיו וַיָּבֹא אֶל־הֵיכַל יְהֹוָה לְהַקְטִיר עַל־מִזְבַּח הַקְּטֹרֶת׃
17 The kohen Azarya, with eighty other brave Kohanim of Hashem, followed him in
יז וַיָּבֹא אַחֲרָיו עֲזַרְיָהוּ הַכֹּהֵן וְעִמּוֹ כֹּהֲנִים לַיהֹוָה שְׁמוֹנִים בְּנֵי־חָיִל׃
18 and, confronting King Uzziyahu, said to him, “It is not for you, Uzziyahu, to offer incense to Hashem, but for the Aaronite Kohanim, who have been consecrated, to offer incense. Get out of the Sanctuary, for you have trespassed; there will be no glory in it for you from Hashem.”
19 Uzziyahu, holding the censer and ready to burn incense, got angry; but as he got angry with the Kohanim, leprosy broke out on his forehead in front of the Kohanim in the House of Hashem beside the incense mizbayach.
va-yiz-AF u-zi-YA-hu uv-ya-DO mik-TE-ret l’-hak-TEER uv-za-PO im ha-ko-ha-NEEM v’-ha-tza-RA-at za-r’-KHA v’-mitz-KHO lif-NAY ha-ko-ha-NEEM b’-VAYT a-do-NAI may-AL l’-miz-BAKH ha-k’-TO-ret
יט וַיִּזְעַף עֻזִּיָּהוּ וּבְיָדוֹ מִקְטֶרֶת לְהַקְטִיר וּבְזַעְפּוֹ עִם־הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהַצָּרַעַת זָרְחָה בְמִצְחוֹ לִפְנֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּבֵית יְהֹוָה מֵעַל לְמִזְבַּח הַקְּטֹרֶת׃
26:19 Leprosy broke out on his forehead
Emboldened by his success, Uzziyahu is not satisfied with being just a king; he wishes to be a Kohen as well. Since he is not a descendant of the house of Levi, he is barred from priesthood and his attempt to offer a sacrifice of incense defiles the Beit Hamikdash. Therefore, he contracts a form of ritual impurity even while attempting to bring a sacrifice in the Temple, a place in which ritual impurity is usually barred. Rashi (Isaiah 6:4) writes that this action causes the earthquake that shook the Land of Israel in the days of Uzziyahu (see Amos 1:1 and Zechariah 14:5). This shows the spiritual sensitivity of Eretz Yisrael. Not only is Uzziyahu punished, but the land itself reacts to the violation of God’s command.2 comments
20 When the chief kohen Azarya and all the other Kohanim looked at him, his forehead was leprous, so they rushed him out of there; he too made haste to get out, for Hashem had struck him with a plague.
כ וַיִּפֶן אֵלָיו עֲזַרְיָהוּ כֹהֵן הָרֹאשׁ וְכָל־הַכֹּהֲנִים וְהִנֵּה־הוּא מְצֹרָע בְּמִצְחוֹ וַיַּבְהִלוּהוּ מִשָּׁם וְגַם־הוּא נִדְחַף לָצֵאת כִּי נִגְּעוֹ יְהֹוָה׃
21 King Uzziyahu was a leper until the day of his death. He lived in isolated quarters as a leper, for he was cut off from the House of Hashem—while Yotam his son was in charge of the king’s house and governed the people of the land.
23 Uzziyahu slept with his fathers in the burial field of the kings, because, they said, he was a leper; his son Yotam succeeded him as king.