11 Then they brought out the king’s son, and placed upon him the crown and the insignia. They proclaimed him king, and Yehoyada and his sons anointed him and shouted, “Long live the king!”
va-yo-TZEE-u et ben ha-ME-lekh va-yi-t’-NU a-LAV et ha-NAY-zer v’et HA-ay-DUT va-yam-LEE-khu o-TO va-yim-sha-KHU-hu y’-ho-ya-DA u-va-NAV va-yo-m’-RU y’-KHEE ha-ME-lekh
יא וַיּוֹצִיאוּ אֶת־בֶּן־הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיִּתְּנוּ עָלָיו אֶת־הַנֵּזֶר וְאֶת־הָעֵדוּת וַיַּמְלִיכוּ אֹתוֹ וַיִּמְשָׁחֻהוּ יְהוֹיָדָע וּבָנָיו וַיֹּאמְרוּ יְחִי הַמֶּלֶךְ׃
23:11 And placed upon him the crown and the insignia
The Hebrew term for ‘insignia’ is aydut (עדות). According to Rashi, this is a reference to the Torah, which is called aydut or ‘testimony’ (see Psalms 78:5). Upon being declared king, young Yoash is given a Torah scroll, since a Jewish king must always carry a copy of the Torah with him. Appointing a king is one of the three commandments that the Israelites were instructed to perform after settling the Land of Israel. However, there is a risk that the king will forget the source of his strength and attribute his successes to his own wisdom and power. Therefore, kings were required to carry a Torah scroll with them at all times (Deuteronomy 17:14-20) as a constant reminder that all blessing and success in our lives comes not from man but from Hashem.