3 see, I intend to build a House for the name of Hashem my God; I will dedicate it to Him for making incense offering of sweet spices in His honor, for the regular rows of bread, and for the morning and evening burnt offerings on Shabbatot, new moons, and festivals, as is Yisrael‘s eternal duty.
hi-NAY a-NEE vo-neh BA-yit l’-SHAYM a-do-NAI e-lo-HAI l’-hak-DEESH LO l’-hak-TEER l’-fa-NAV k’-TO-ret sa-MEEM u-ma-a-RE-khet ta-MEED v’-o-LOT la-BO-ker v’-la-E-rev la-sha-ba-TOT v’-le-kho-da-SHEEM ul-mo-a-DAY a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY-nu l’-o-LAM ZOT al yis-ra-AYL
2:3 New moons
The Hebrew word for ‘month’ is chodesh (חודש), which comes from the word chadash (חדש), meaning ‘new’. Sanctifying the new moon each month is the very first biblical commandment given collectively to the People of Israel (Exodus 12:2). As opposed to pagan worship, which requires a steady force such as the sun to venerate, the People of Israel were told to sanctify the moon which waxes and wanes on a monthly basis. The message is that no matter how dark life may seem, societies, nations and individuals can always change for the better. Our optimistic scanning of the black-blue skies for the first sliver of the new moon every month is our testimony to the possibility of growth, change and development. We must learn to sanctify that change.