א וַיְהִי לִיהוֹשָׁפָט עֹשֶׁר וְכָבוֹד לָרֹב וַיִּתְחַתֵּן לְאַחְאָב׃
Yehoshafat visits Achav in Samaria, known in Hebrew as Shomron (שומרון). The city of Samaria was purchased by Achav’s father Omri to be the capital of the kingdom of Yisrael (I Kings 16:24), and is an important part of both the biblical heartLand of Israel and the modern State of Israel. Today, the area known as Samaria comprises over 11% of the modern State of Israel and is home to many vibrant communities including Ariel, Karnei Shomron, Elon Moreh and Itamar. Since it is located in the middle of Israel, Samaria plays a vital role in the spirituality, economics and security of the country. Though Omri sinned greatly in his religious conduct, his acquisition of the Shomron was of great national importance both in his time and today.Comment
3 King Achav of Yisrael said to King Yehoshafat of Yehuda, “Will you accompany me to Ramoth-gilead?” He answered him, “I will do what you do; my troops shall be your troops and shall accompany you in battle.”
5 So the king of Yisrael gathered the Neviim, four hundred men, and asked them, “Shall I march upon Ramoth-gilead for battle, or shall I not?” “March,” they said, “and Hashem will deliver it into the king’s hands.”
7 And the king of Yisrael answered Yehoshafat, “There is one more man through whom we can inquire of Hashem; but I hate him, because he never prophesies anything good for me but always misfortune. He is Michaihu son of Imlah.” Yehoshafat replied, “Let the king not say such a thing.”
8 So the king of Yisrael summoned an officer and said, “Bring Michaihu son of Imlah at once.”
ח וַיִּקְרָא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל־סָרִיס אֶחָד וַיֹּאמֶר מַהֵר מיכהו [מִיכָיְהוּ] בֶן־יִמְלָא׃
9 The king of Yisrael and King Yehoshafat of Yehuda, wearing their robes, were seated on their thrones situated in the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Shomron; and all the Neviim were prophesying before them.
10 Tzidkiyahu son of Chenaanah had provided himself with iron horns; and he said, “Thus said Hashem: With these you shall gore the Arameans till you make an end of them.”
יא וְכָל־הַנְּבִאִים נִבְּאִים כֵּן לֵאמֹר עֲלֵה רָמֹת גִּלְעָד וְהַצְלַח וְנָתַן יְהֹוָה בְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ׃
12 The messenger who had gone to summon Michaihu said to him, “Look, the words of the Neviim are unanimously favorable to the king. Let your word be like that of the rest of them; speak a favorable word.”
יב וְהַמַּלְאָךְ אֲשֶׁר־הָלַךְ לִקְרֹא לְמִיכָיְהוּ דִּבֶּר אֵלָיו לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה דִּבְרֵי הַנְּבִאִים פֶּה־אֶחָד טוֹב אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ וִיהִי־נָא דְבָרְךָ כְּאַחַד מֵהֶם וְדִבַּרְתָּ טּוֹב׃
13 “By the life of Hashem,” Michaihu answered, “I will speak only what my God tells me.”
יג וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ חַי־יְהֹוָה כִּי אֶת־אֲשֶׁר־יֹאמַר אֱלֹהַי אֹתוֹ אֲדַבֵּר׃
14 When he came before the king, the king said to him, “Micha, shall we march against Ramoth-gilead for battle or shall we not?” He answered him, “March and be victorious! They will be delivered into your hands.”
15 The king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you to tell me nothing but the truth in the name of Hashem?”
טו וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הַמֶּלֶךְ עַד־כַּמֶּה פְעָמִים אֲנִי מַשְׁבִּיעֶךָ אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תְדַבֵּר אֵלַי רַק־אֱמֶת בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה׃
16 Then he said, “I saw all Yisrael scattered over the hills like sheep without a shepherd; and Hashem said, ‘These have no master; let everyone return to his home in safety.’”
טז וַיֹּאמֶר רָאִיתִי אֶת־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל נְפוֹצִים עַל־הֶהָרִים כַּצֹּאן אֲשֶׁר אֵין־לָהֶן רֹעֶה וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה לֹא־אֲדֹנִים לָאֵלֶּה יָשׁוּבוּ אִישׁ־לְבֵיתוֹ בְּשָׁלוֹם׃
18 Then [Michaihu] said, “Indeed, hear now the word of Hashem! I saw Hashem seated upon His throne, with all the host of heaven standing in attendance to the right and to the left of Him.
יח וַיֹּאמֶר לָכֵן שִׁמְעוּ דְבַר־יְהֹוָה רָאִיתִי אֶת־יְהֹוָה יוֹשֵׁב עַל־כִּסְאוֹ וְכָל־צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם עֹמְדִים עַל־יְמִינוֹ וּשְׂמֹאלוֹ׃
20 until a certain spirit came forward and stood before Hashem and said, ‘I will entice him.’ ‘How?’ said Hashem to him.
כ וַיֵּצֵא הָרוּחַ וַיַּעֲמֹד לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֲנִי אֲפַתֶּנּוּ וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו בַּמָּה׃
21 And he replied, ‘I will go forth and become a lying spirit in the mouth of all his Neviim.’ Then He said, ‘You will entice with success. Go forth and do it.’
כא וַיֹּאמֶר אֵצֵא וְהָיִיתִי לְרוּחַ שֶׁקֶר בְּפִי כָּל־נְבִיאָיו וַיֹּאמֶר תְּפַתֶּה וְגַם־תּוּכָל צֵא וַעֲשֵׂה־כֵן׃
22 Thus Hashem has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these Neviim of yours; for Hashem has decreed misfortune for you.”
כב וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה נָתַן יְהֹוָה רוּחַ שֶׁקֶר בְּפִי נְבִיאֶיךָ אֵלֶּה וַיהֹוָה דִּבֶּר עָלֶיךָ רָעָה׃
23 Thereupon Tzidkiyahu son of Chenaanah came up and struck Michaihu on the cheek, and exclaimed, “However did the spirit of Hashem pass from me to speak with you!”
24 Michaihu replied, “You will see on the day when you try to hide in the innermost room.”
כד וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ הִנְּךָ רֹאֶה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֲשֶׁר תָּבוֹא חֶדֶר בְּחֶדֶר לְהֵחָבֵא׃
26 and say, ‘The king’s orders are: Put this fellow in prison, and let his fare be scant bread and scant water until I come home safe.’”
כו וַאֲמַרְתֶּם כֹּה אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ שִׂימוּ זֶה בֵּית הַכֶּלֶא וְהַאֲכִלֻהוּ לֶחֶם לַחַץ וּמַיִם לַחַץ עַד שׁוּבִי בְשָׁלוֹם׃
27 To which Michaihu retorted, “If you ever come home safe, Hashem has not spoken through me.” He said further, “Listen, all you peoples!”
כז וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ אִם־שׁוֹב תָּשׁוּב בְּשָׁלוֹם לֹא־דִבֶּר יְהֹוָה בִּי וַיֹּאמֶר שִׁמְעוּ עַמִּים כֻּלָּם׃
31 When the chariot officers saw Yehoshafat, whom they took for the king of Yisrael, they wheeled around to attack him, and Yehoshafat cried out and Hashem helped him, and Hashem diverted them from him.
32 And when the chariot officers realized that he was not the king of Yisrael, they gave up the pursuit.
לב וַיְהִי כִּרְאוֹת שָׂרֵי הָרֶכֶב כִּי לֹא־הָיָה מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּשֻׁבוּ מֵאַחֲרָיו׃
33 Then a man drew his bow at random and hit the king of Yisrael between the plates of the armor and he said to his charioteer, “Turn around and get me behind the lines; I am wounded.”
לג וְאִישׁ מָשַׁךְ בַּקֶּשֶׁת לְתֻמּוֹ וַיַּךְ אֶת־מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בֵּין הַדְּבָקִים וּבֵין הַשִּׁרְיָן וַיֹּאמֶר לָרַכָּב הֲפֹךְ ידיך [יָדְךָ] וְהוֹצֵאתַנִי מִן־הַמַּחֲנֶה כִּי הָחֳלֵיתִי׃