1 In the eighteenth year of King Yerovam, Aviya became king over Yehuda.
3 Aviya joined battle with a force of warriors, 400,000 picked men. Yerovam arrayed for battle against him 800,000 picked men, warriors.
v’-a-TAH a-TEM o-m’-REEM l’-hit-kha-ZAYK lif-NAY mam-LE-khet a-do-NAI b’-YAD b’-NAY da-VEED v’-a-TEM ha-MON RAV v’-i-ma-KHEM eg-LAY za-HAV a-SHER a-SAH la-KHEM ya-rov-AM lay-lo-HEEM
ח וְעַתָּה אַתֶּם אֹמְרִים לְהִתְחַזֵּק לִפְנֵי מַמְלֶכֶת יְהֹוָה בְּיַד בְּנֵי דָוִיד וְאַתֶּם הָמוֹן רָב וְעִמָּכֶם עֶגְלֵי זָהָב אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לָכֶם יָרָבְעָם לֵאלֹהִים׃
13:8 The kingdom of Hashem, which is in the charge of the sons of David
Aviya understands that the reason he has arisen to the throne is to serve God. He tells Yerovam that he rules the “kingdom of Hashem,” as the kings of Yehuda are from the line of David, and they maintain the service of God in the Beit Hamikdash in Yerushalayim. Aviya sees himself as the emissary of the Lord, the caretaker of His people who is expected to lead them in the service of Hashem. Because he understands this, God grants him victory; the triumph which was denied to his father Rechovam, who was motivated by pride, not piety. This is an example of how success in the Land of Israel is dependent upon recognition of Hashem, as Asa declares in the next chapter: “While the land is at our disposal because we turned to Hashem our God” (14:6).Comment
9 Did you not banish the Kohanim of Hashem, the sons of Aharon and the Leviim, and, like the peoples of the land, appoint your own Kohanim? Anyone who offered himself for ordination with a young bull of the herd and seven rams became a Kohen of no-gods!
ט הֲלֹא הִדַּחְתֶּם אֶת־כֹּהֲנֵי יְהֹוָה אֶת־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וְהַלְוִיִּם וַתַּעֲשׂוּ לָכֶם כֹּהֲנִים כְּעַמֵּי הָאֲרָצוֹת כָּל־הַבָּא לְמַלֵּא יָדוֹ בְּפַר בֶּן־בָּקָר וְאֵילִם שִׁבְעָה וְהָיָה כֹהֵן לְלֹא אֱלֹהִים׃
10 As for us, Hashem is our God, and we have not forsaken Him. The Kohanim who minister to Hashem are the sons of Aharon, and the Leviim are at their tasks.
י וַאֲנַחְנוּ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְלֹא עֲזַבְנֻהוּ וְכֹהֲנִים מְשָׁרְתִים לַיהֹוָה בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן וְהַלְוִיִּם בַּמְלָאכֶת׃
11 They offer burnt offerings in smoke each morning and each evening, and the aromatic incense, the rows of bread on the pure table; they kindle the golden menorah with its lamps burning each evening, for we keep the charge of Hashem our God, while you have forsaken it.
יא וּמַקְטִרִים לַיהֹוָה עֹלוֹת בַּבֹּקֶר־בַּבֹּקֶר וּבָעֶרֶב־בָּעֶרֶב וּקְטֹרֶת־סַמִּים וּמַעֲרֶכֶת לֶחֶם עַל־הַשֻּׁלְחָן הַטָּהוֹר וּמְנוֹרַת הַזָּהָב וְנֵרֹתֶיהָ לְבָעֵר בָּעֶרֶב בָּעֶרֶב כִּי־שֹׁמְרִים אֲנַחְנוּ אֶת־מִשְׁמֶרֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְאַתֶּם עֲזַבְתֶּם אֹתוֹ׃
12 See, Hashem is with us as our chief, and His Kohanim have the trumpets for sounding blasts against you. O children of Yisrael, do not fight God of your fathers, because you will not succeed.”
יב וְהִנֵּה עִמָּנוּ בָרֹאשׁ הָאֱלֹהִים וְכֹהֲנָיו וַחֲצֹצְרוֹת הַתְּרוּעָה לְהָרִיעַ עֲלֵיכֶם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אַל־תִּלָּחֲמוּ עִם־יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי־אֲבֹתֵיכֶם כִּי־לֹא תַצְלִיחוּ׃
13 Yerovam, however, had directed the ambush to go around and come from the rear, thus the main body was in front of Yehuda, while the ambush was behind them.
14 When Yehuda turned around and saw that the fighting was before and behind them, they cried out to Hashem, and the Kohanim blew the trumpets.
יד וַיִּפְנוּ יְהוּדָה וְהִנֵּה לָהֶם הַמִּלְחָמָה פָּנִים וְאָחוֹר וַיִּצְעֲקוּ לַיהֹוָה וְהַכֹּהֲנִים מחצצרים [מַחְצְרִים] בַּחֲצֹצְרוֹת׃
16 The Israelites fled before Yehuda, and Hashem delivered them into their hands.
17 Aviya and his army inflicted a severe defeat on them; 500,000 men of Yisrael fell slain.
18 The Israelites were crushed at that time, while the people of Yehuda triumphed because they relied on God of their fathers.
20 Yerovam could not muster strength again during the days of Aviya. Hashem struck him down and he died.
כ וְלֹא־עָצַר כֹּחַ־יָרָבְעָם עוֹד בִּימֵי אֲבִיָּהוּ וַיִּגְּפֵהוּ יְהֹוָה וַיָּמֹת׃
21 But Aviya grew powerful; he married fourteen wives and begat twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters.
כא וַיִּתְחַזֵּק אֲבִיָּהוּ וַיִּשָּׂא־לוֹ נָשִׁים אַרְבַּע עֶשְׂרֵה וַיּוֹלֶד עֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁנַיִם בָּנִים וְשֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה בָּנוֹת׃