10 Grant me then the wisdom and the knowledge to lead this people, for who can govern Your great people?”
a-TAH khokh-MAH u-ma-DA ten LEE v’-AY-tz’-AH lif-NAY ha-am ha-ZEH v’-a-VO-ah kee MEE yish-POT et a-m’-KHA ha-ZEH ha-ga-DOL
י עַתָּה חָכְמָה וּמַדָּע תֶּן־לִי וְאֵצְאָה לִפְנֵי הָעָם־הַזֶּה וְאָבוֹאָה כִּי־מִי יִשְׁפֹּט אֶת־עַמְּךָ הַזֶּה הַגָּדוֹל׃
1:10 For who can govern Your great people
When given the opportunity to make a request of Hashem, Shlomo asks for wisdom and understanding to be able to judge the nation properly. Just as David his father “executed true justice among all his people” (I Chronicles 18:14) though he was “a man of battles and have shed blood” (Chronicles 28:3), Shlomo’s reign will be similarly characterized by justice. While the wars to secure Israel’s borders are significant, what personifies the Land of Israel in general, and the city of Yerushalayim in particular, is justice and righteousness (see, for example, Isaiah 33:5). Thus, Eretz Yisrael is inherited through justice (Deuteronomy 16:20), justice allows for the land to flourish, and conversely, a lack of justice leads to its downfall and destruction. The Beit Hamikdash, built by Shlomo, is the seat of justice (Deuteronomy 17:8-10), and it is where the High Court would meet. In making this request of God, Shlomo sought to ensure that he would lead the Nation of Israel, in the Land of Israel, in justice and truth. Today, the State of Israel has an established judicial system which continues to pursue justice in the Holy Land, ensuring that the population is law-abiding and protecting the rights of its citizens. Like the High Court of old, Israel’s Supreme Court is located in Yerushalayim.