I Samuel 3
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1  Young Shmuel was in the service of Hashem under Eli. In those days the word of Hashem was rare; prophecy was not widespread.

א  וְהַנַּעַר שְׁמוּאֵל מְשָׁרֵת אֶת־יְהֹוָה לִפְנֵי עֵלִי וּדְבַר־יְהֹוָה הָיָה יָקָר בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם אֵין חָזוֹן נִפְרָץ׃

2  One day, Eli was asleep in his usual place; his eyes had begun to fail and he could barely see.

ב  וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְעֵלִי שֹׁכֵב בִּמְקֹמוֹ ועינו [וְעֵינָיו] הֵחֵלּוּ כֵהוֹת לֹא יוּכַל לִרְאוֹת׃

3  The lamp of Hashem had not yet gone out, and Shmuel was sleeping in the temple of Hashem where the Aron of Hashem was.

ג  וְנֵר אֱלֹהִים טֶרֶם יִכְבֶּה וּשְׁמוּאֵל שֹׁכֵב בְּהֵיכַל יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר־שָׁם אֲרוֹן אֱלֹהִים׃

4  Hashem called out to Shmuel, and he answered, “I’m coming.”

ד  וַיִּקְרָא יְהֹוָה אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי׃

5  He ran to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.” But he replied, “I didn’t call you; go back to sleep.” So he went back and lay down.

ה  וַיָּרָץ אֶל־עֵלִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנְנִי כִּי־קָרָאתָ לִּי וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא־קָרָאתִי שׁוּב שְׁכָב וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיִּשְׁכָּב׃

6  Again Hashem called, “Shmuel!” Shmuel rose and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.” But he replied, “I didn’t call, my son; go back to sleep.”—

ו  וַיֹּסֶף יְהֹוָה קְרֹא עוֹד שְׁמוּאֵל וַיָּקָם שְׁמוּאֵל וַיֵּלֶךְ אֶל־עֵלִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנְנִי כִּי קָרָאתָ לִי וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא־קָרָאתִי בְנִי שׁוּב שְׁכָב׃

7  Now Shmuel had not yet experienced Hashem; the word of Hashem had not yet been revealed to him.—

ז  וּשְׁמוּאֵל טֶרֶם יָדַע אֶת־יְהֹוָה וְטֶרֶם יִגָּלֶה אֵלָיו דְּבַר־יְהֹוָה׃

8  Hashem called Shmuel again, a third time, and he rose and went to Eli and said, “Here I am; you called me.” Then Eli understood that Hashem was calling the boy.

ח  וַיֹּסֶף יְהֹוָה קְרֹא־שְׁמוּאֵל בַּשְּׁלִשִׁית וַיָּקָם וַיֵּלֶךְ אֶל־עֵלִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנְנִי כִּי קָרָאתָ לִי וַיָּבֶן עֵלִי כִּי יְהֹוָה קֹרֵא לַנָּעַר׃

9  And Eli said to Shmuel, “Go lie down. If you are called again, say, ‘Speak, Hashem, for Your servant is listening.’” And Shmuel went to his place and lay down.

ט  וַיֹּאמֶר עֵלִי לִשְׁמוּאֵל לֵךְ שְׁכָב וְהָיָה אִם־יִקְרָא אֵלֶיךָ וְאָמַרְתָּ דַּבֵּר יְהֹוָה כִּי שֹׁמֵעַ עַבְדֶּךָ וַיֵּלֶךְ שְׁמוּאֵל וַיִּשְׁכַּב בִּמְקוֹמוֹ׃

10  Hashem came, and stood there, and He called as before: “Shmuel! Shmuel!” And Shmuel answered, “Speak, for Your servant is listening.”

י  וַיָּבֹא יְהֹוָה וַיִּתְיַצַּב וַיִּקְרָא כְפַעַם־בְּפַעַם שְׁמוּאֵל שְׁמוּאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל דַּבֵּר כִּי שֹׁמֵעַ עַבְדֶּךָ׃

11  Hashem said to Shmuel: “I am going to do in Yisrael such a thing that both ears of anyone who hears about it will tingle.

יא  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵל הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי עֹשֶׂה דָבָר בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר כָּל־שֹׁמְעוֹ תְּצִלֶּינָה שְׁתֵּי אָזְנָיו׃

12  In that day I will fulfill against Eli all that I spoke concerning his house, from beginning to end.

יב  בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אָקִים אֶל־עֵלִי אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתִּי אֶל־בֵּיתוֹ הָחֵל וְכַלֵּה׃

13  And I declare to him that I sentence his house to endless punishment for the iniquity he knew about—how his sons committed sacrilege at will—and he did not rebuke them.

v’-hi-GAD-tee LO kee sho-FAYT a-NEE et bay-TO ad o-LAM ba-a-VON a-sher ya-DA kee m’-ka-l’-LEEM la-HEM ba-NAV v’-LO khi-HAH BAM

יג  וְהִגַּדְתִּי לוֹ כִּי־שֹׁפֵט אֲנִי אֶת־בֵּיתוֹ עַד־עוֹלָם בַּעֲוׂן אֲשֶׁר־יָדַע כִּי־מְקַלְלִים לָהֶם בָּנָיו וְלֹא כִהָה בָּם׃

3:13   I sentence his house to endless punishment

God tells Shmuel that He will punish Eli for failing to rebuke his sons, Chofni and Pinchas, for their immoral behavior while serving in their leadership roles at the Mishkan in Shilo. Through their actions, they profane the Mishkan and discourage people from making pilgrimages there. Consequently, Eli’s sons will be killed and there will be no one left to continue his family’s mantle of leadership. Instead, Shmuel will become the new prophet and leader of the people. He will act the way a true leader should, travelling among the people as an inspiring role model, bringing them closer to Hashem.1 comment

14  Assuredly, I swear concerning the house of Eli that the iniquity of the house of Eli will never be expiated by sacrifice or offering.”

יד  וְלָכֵן נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי לְבֵית עֵלִי אִם־יִתְכַּפֵּר עֲוׂן בֵּית־עֵלִי בְּזֶבַח וּבְמִנְחָה עַד־עוֹלָם׃

15  Shmuel lay there until morning; and then he opened the doors of the House of Hashem. Shmuel was afraid to report the vision to Eli,

טו  וַיִּשְׁכַּב שְׁמוּאֵל עַד־הַבֹּקֶר וַיִּפְתַּח אֶת־דַּלְתוֹת בֵּית־יְהֹוָה וּשְׁמוּאֵל יָרֵא מֵהַגִּיד אֶת־הַמַּרְאָה אֶל־עֵלִי׃

16  but Eli summoned Shmuel and said, “Shmuel, my son”; and he answered, “Here.”

טז  וַיִּקְרָא עֵלִי אֶת־שְׁמוּאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל בְּנִי וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּנִי׃

17  And [Eli] asked, “What did He say to you? Keep nothing from me. Thus and more may Hashem do to you if you keep from me a single word of all that He said to you!”

יז  וַיֹּאמֶר מָה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֵלֶיךָ אַל־נָא תְכַחֵד מִמֶּנִּי כֹּה יַעֲשֶׂה־לְּךָ אֱלֹהִים וְכֹה יוֹסִיף אִם־תְּכַחֵד מִמֶּנִּי דָּבָר מִכָּל־הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר אֵלֶיךָ׃

18  Shmuel then told him everything, withholding nothing from him. And [Eli] said, “He is Hashem; He will do what He deems right.”

יח  וַיַּגֶּד־לוֹ שְׁמוּאֵל אֶת־כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים וְלֹא כִחֵד מִמֶּנּוּ וַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה הוּא הַטּוֹב בְּעֵינָו יַעֲשֶׂה׃

19  Shmuel grew up and Hashem was with him: He did not leave any of Shmuel‘s predictions unfulfilled.

יט  וַיִּגְדַּל שְׁמוּאֵל וַיהֹוָה הָיָה עִמּוֹ וְלֹא־הִפִּיל מִכָּל־דְּבָרָיו אָרְצָה׃

20  All Yisrael, from Dan to Be’er Sheva, knew that Shmuel was trustworthy as a Navi of Hashem.

כ  וַיֵּדַע כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל מִדָּן וְעַד־בְּאֵר שָׁבַע כִּי נֶאֱמָן שְׁמוּאֵל לְנָבִיא לַיהֹוָה׃

21  And Hashem continued to appear at Shilo: Hashem revealed Himself to Shmuel at Shilo with the word of Hashem;

כא  וַיֹּסֶף יְהֹוָה לְהֵרָאֹה בְשִׁלֹה כִּי־נִגְלָה יְהֹוָה אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵל בְּשִׁלוֹ בִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה׃

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I Samuel 3

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