I Samuel 28
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1  And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their hosts together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David: ‘Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me in the host, thou and thy men.’

א  וַיְהִי בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וַיִּקְבְּצוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים אֶת מַחֲנֵיהֶם לַצָּבָא לְהִלָּחֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֹּאמֶר אָכִישׁ אֶל דָּוִד יָדֹעַ תֵּדַע כִּי אִתִּי תֵּצֵא בַמַּחֲנֶה אַתָּה וַאֲנָשֶׁיךָ.

2  And David said to Achish: ‘Therefore thou shalt know what thy servant will do.’ And Achish said to David: ‘Therefore will I make thee keeper of my head for ever.’

ב  וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל אָכִישׁ לָכֵן אַתָּה תֵדַע אֵת אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה עַבְדֶּךָ וַיֹּאמֶר אָכִישׁ אֶל דָּוִד לָכֵן שֹׁמֵר לְרֹאשִׁי אֲשִׂימְךָ כָּל הַיָּמִים.

3  Now Shmuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Shaul had put away those that divined by a ghost or a familiar spirit out of the land.

ush-mu-AYL mayt va-yis-p’-DU lo kol yis-ra-AYL va-yik-b’-RU-hu va-ra-MAH u-v’-ee-RO v’-sha-UL hay-SEER ha-o-VOT v’-ET ha-yi-d’-o-NEEM may-ha-A-retz

ג  וּשְׁמוּאֵל מֵת וַיִּסְפְּדוּ לוֹ כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּקְבְּרֻהוּ בָרָמָה וּבְעִירוֹ וְשָׁאוּל הֵסִיר הָאֹבוֹת וְאֶת הַיִּדְּעֹנִים מֵהָאָרֶץ.

28:3 Buried him in Ramah

When the prophet Samuel dies on the 28 day of the month of Iyyar, he is buried in Ramah. Samuel’s burial site is in the northwest outskirts of Jerusalem, near the neighborhood of Ramot. It has long been a place of prayer and study for the Jewish People. Given its strategic location along the road between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, the Arabs used it during the Six Day War as a location to fire at Israeli soldiers. This holy site was liberated by the Israeli Army during the Six Day War. It was at this time that Israel also liberated the Old City of Jerusalem, on the 28th day of the month of Iyyar! 

Comment

4  And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem; and Shaul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.

ד  וַיִּקָּבְצוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיָּבֹאוּ וַיַּחֲנוּ בְשׁוּנֵם וַיִּקְבֹּץ שָׁאוּל אֶת כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיַּחֲנוּ בַּגִּלְבֹּעַ.

5  And when Shaul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

ה  וַיַּרְא שָׁאוּל אֶת מַחֲנֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים וַיִּרָא וַיֶּחֱרַד לִבּוֹ מְאֹד.

6  And when Shaul inquired of Hashem, Hashem answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.

ו  וַיִּשְׁאַל שָׁאוּל בַּיהוָה וְלֹא עָנָהוּ יְהוָה גַּם בַּחֲלֹמוֹת גַּם בָּאוּרִים גַּם בַּנְּבִיאִם.

7  Then said Shaul unto his servants: ‘Seek me a woman that divineth by a ghost, that I may go to her, and inquire of her.’ And his servants said to him: ‘Behold, there is a woman that divineth by a ghost at En-dor.’

ז  וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל לַעֲבָדָיו בַּקְּשׁוּ לִי אֵשֶׁת בַּעֲלַת אוֹב וְאֵלְכָה אֵלֶיהָ וְאֶדְרְשָׁה בָּהּ וַיֹּאמְרוּ עֲבָדָיו אֵלָיו הִנֵּה אֵשֶׁת בַּעֲלַת אוֹב בְּעֵין דּוֹר.

8  And Shaul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night; and he said: ‘Divine unto me, I pray thee, by a ghost, and bring me up whomsoever I shall name unto thee.’

ח  וַיִּתְחַפֵּשׂ שָׁאוּל וַיִּלְבַּשׁ בְּגָדִים אֲחֵרִים וַיֵּלֶךְ הוּא וּשְׁנֵי אֲנָשִׁים עִמּוֹ וַיָּבֹאוּ אֶל הָאִשָּׁה לָיְלָה וַיֹּאמֶר קסומי (קָסֳמִי ) נָא לִי בָּאוֹב וְהַעֲלִי לִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר אֹמַר אֵלָיִךְ.

9  And the woman said unto him: ‘Behold, thou knowest what Shaul hath done, how he hath cut off those that divine by a ghost or a familiar spirit out of the land; wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die?’

ט  וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֵלָיו הִנֵּה אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה שָׁאוּל אֲשֶׁר הִכְרִית אֶת הָאֹבוֹת וְאֶת הַיִּדְּעֹנִי מִן הָאָרֶץ וְלָמָה אַתָּה מִתְנַקֵּשׁ בְּנַפְשִׁי לַהֲמִיתֵנִי.

10  And Shaul swore to her by Hashem, saying: ‘As Hashem liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.’

י  וַיִּשָּׁבַע לָהּ שָׁאוּל בַּיהוָה לֵאמֹר חַי יְהוָה אִם יִקְּרֵךְ עָו‍ֹן בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה.

11  Then said the woman: ‘Whom shall I bring up unto thee?’ And he said: ‘Bring me up Shmuel.’

יא  וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶת מִי אַעֲלֶה לָּךְ וַיֹּאמֶר אֶת שְׁמוּאֵל הַעֲלִי לִי.

12  And when the woman saw Shmuel, she cried with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Shaul, saying: ‘Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Shaul.’

יב  וַתֵּרֶא הָאִשָּׁה אֶת שְׁמוּאֵל וַתִּזְעַק בְּקוֹל גָּדוֹל וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל שָׁאוּל לֵאמֹר לָמָּה רִמִּיתָנִי וְאַתָּה שָׁאוּל.

13  And the king said unto her: ‘Be not afraid; for what seest thou?’ And the woman said unto Shaul: ‘I see a godlike being coming up out of the earth.’

יג  וַיֹּאמֶר לָהּ הַמֶּלֶךְ אַל תִּירְאִי כִּי מָה רָאִית וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל שָׁאוּל אֱלֹהִים רָאִיתִי עֹלִים מִן הָאָרֶץ.

14  And he said unto her: ‘What form is he of?’ And she said: ‘An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a robe.’ And Shaul perceived that it was Shmuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground, and prostrated himself.

יד  וַיֹּאמֶר לָהּ מַה תָּאֳרוֹ וַתֹּאמֶר אִישׁ זָקֵן עֹלֶה וְהוּא עֹטֶה מְעִיל וַיֵּדַע שָׁאוּל כִּי שְׁמוּאֵל הוּא וַיִּקֹּד אַפַּיִם אַרְצָה וַיִּשְׁתָּחוּ.

15  And Shmuel said to Shaul: ‘Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up?’ And Shaul answered: ‘I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams; therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.’

טו  וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל אֶל שָׁאוּל לָמָּה הִרְגַּזְתַּנִי לְהַעֲלוֹת אֹתִי וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל צַר לִי מְאֹד וּפְלִשְׁתִּים נִלְחָמִים בִּי וֵאלֹהִים סָר מֵעָלַי וְלֹא עָנָנִי עוֹד גַּם בְּיַד הַנְּבִיאִים גַּם בַּחֲלֹמוֹת וָאֶקְרָאֶה לְךָ לְהוֹדִיעֵנִי מָה אֶעֱשֶׂה.

16  And Shmuel said: ‘Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing Hashem is departed from thee, and is become thine adversary?

טז  וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל וְלָמָּה תִּשְׁאָלֵנִי וַיהוָה סָר מֵעָלֶיךָ וַיְהִי עָרֶךָ.

17  And Hashem hath wrought for Himself; as He spoke by me; and Hashem hath rent the kingdom out of thy hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David.

יז  וַיַּעַשׂ יְהוָה לוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיָדִי וַיִּקְרַע יְהוָה אֶת הַמַּמְלָכָה מִיָּדֶךָ וַיִּתְּנָהּ לְרֵעֲךָ לְדָוִד.

18  Because thou didst not hearken to the voice of Hashem, and didst not execute His fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath Hashem done this thing unto thee this day.

יח  כַּאֲשֶׁר לֹא שָׁמַעְתָּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָה וְלֹא עָשִׂיתָ חֲרוֹן אַפּוֹ בַּעֲמָלֵק עַל כֵּן הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה עָשָׂה לְךָ יְהוָה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה.

19  Moreover Hashem will deliver Israel also with thee into the hand of the Philistines; and to-morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me; Hashem will deliver the host of Israel also into the hand of the Philistines.’

יט  וְיִתֵּן יְהוָה גַּם אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל עִמְּךָ בְּיַד פְּלִשְׁתִּים וּמָחָר אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ עִמִּי גַּם אֶת מַחֲנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל יִתֵּן יְהוָה בְּיַד פְּלִשְׁתִּים.

20  Then Shaul fell straightway his full length upon the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Shmuel; and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.

כ  וַיְמַהֵר שָׁאוּל וַיִּפֹּל מְלֹא קוֹמָתוֹ אַרְצָה וַיִּרָא מְאֹד מִדִּבְרֵי שְׁמוּאֵל גַּם כֹּחַ לֹא הָיָה בוֹ כִּי לֹא אָכַל לֶחֶם כָּל הַיּוֹם וְכָל הַלָּיְלָה.

21  And the woman came unto Shaul, and saw that he was sore affrighted, and said unto him: ‘Behold, thy handmaid hath hearkened unto thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spokest unto me.

כא  וַתָּבוֹא הָאִשָּׁה אֶל שָׁאוּל וַתֵּרֶא כִּי נִבְהַל מְאֹד וַתֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הִנֵּה שָׁמְעָה שִׁפְחָתְךָ בְּקוֹלֶךָ וָאָשִׂים נַפְשִׁי בְּכַפִּי וָאֶשְׁמַע אֶת דְּבָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ אֵלָי.

22  Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thy handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.’

כב  וְעַתָּה שְׁמַע נָא גַם אַתָּה בְּקוֹל שִׁפְחָתֶךָ וְאָשִׂמָה לְפָנֶיךָ פַּת לֶחֶם וֶאֱכוֹל וִיהִי בְךָ כֹּחַ כִּי תֵלֵךְ בַּדָּרֶךְ.

23  But he refused, and said: ‘I will not eat.’ But his servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.

כג  וַיְמָאֵן וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא אֹכַל וַיִּפְרְצוּ בוֹ עֲבָדָיו וְגַם הָאִשָּׁה וַיִּשְׁמַע לְקֹלָם וַיָּקָם מֵהָאָרֶץ וַיֵּשֶׁב אֶל הַמִּטָּה.

24  And the woman had a fatted calf in the house; and she made haste, and killed it; and she took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof;

כד  וְלָאִשָּׁה עֵגֶל מַרְבֵּק בַּבַּיִת וַתְּמַהֵר וַתִּזְבָּחֵהוּ וַתִּקַּח קֶמַח וַתָּלָשׁ וַתֹּפֵהוּ מַצּוֹת.

25  and she brought it before Shaul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.

כה  וַתַּגֵּשׁ לִפְנֵי שָׁאוּל וְלִפְנֵי עֲבָדָיו וַיֹּאכֵלוּ וַיָּקֻמוּ וַיֵּלְכוּ בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא.

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I Samuel 28