1 David said to himself, “Some day I shall certainly perish at the hands of Shaul. The best thing for me is to flee to the land of the Philistines; Shaul will then give up hunting me throughout the territory of Yisrael, and I will escape him.”
ב וַיָּקָם דָּוִד וַיַּעֲבֹר הוּא וְשֵׁשׁ־מֵאוֹת אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר עִמּוֹ אֶל־אָכִישׁ בֶּן־מָעוֹךְ מֶלֶךְ גַּת׃
5 David said to Achish, “If you please, let a place be granted me in one of the country towns where I can live; why should your servant remain with you in the royal city?”
va-yi-ten LO a-KHEESH ba-YOM ha-HU et tzik-LAG la-KHAYN ha-y’-TAH tzik-LAG l’-mal-KHAY y’-hu-DAH AD ha-YOM ha-ZEH
ו וַיִּתֶּן־לוֹ אָכִישׁ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת־צִקְלָג לָכֵן הָיְתָה צִקְלַג לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה׃
Achish gives David the city of Tziklag as a place for him to dwell. Metzudat David points out that Tziklag was actually part of the designated inheritance of David’s tribe Yehuda, but it had been taken by the Philistines. At various times, many areas of Eretz Yisrael have been conquered by different invaders. Yet, this does not detract from the rights of the People of Israel. Just as Achish enables David to reclaim Tziklag, in 1967 divine Providence allowed the Jewish people to reclaim much of Judea, Samaria, the Golan Heighs and the Gaza Strip during the Six Day War, tripling the size of Israel in less than a week.1 comment
7 The length of time that David lived in Philistine territory was a year and four months.
ז וַיְהִי מִסְפַּר הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר־יָשַׁב דָּוִד בִּשְׂדֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים יָמִים וְאַרְבָּעָה חֳדָשִׁים׃
9 When David attacked a region, he would leave no man or woman alive; he would take flocks, herds, asses, camels, and clothing. When he returned and came to Achish,
ט וְהִכָּה דָוִד אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא יְחַיֶּה אִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה וְלָקַח צֹאן וּבָקָר וַחֲמֹרִים וּגְמַלִּים וּבְגָדִים וַיָּשָׁב וַיָּבֹא אֶל־אָכִישׁ׃
11 David would leave no man or woman alive to be brought to Gath; for he thought, “They might tell about us: David did this.” Such was his practice as long as he stayed in the territory of the Philistines.
יא וְאִישׁ וְאִשָּׁה לֹא־יְחַיֶּה דָוִד לְהָבִיא גַת לֵאמֹר פֶּן־יַגִּדוּ עָלֵינוּ לֵאמֹר כֹּה־עָשָׂה דָוִד וְכֹה מִשְׁפָּטוֹ כָּל־הַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר יָשַׁב בִּשְׂדֵה פְלִשְׁתִּים׃