א וַיַּעַל דָּוִד מִשָּׁם וַיֵּשֶׁב בִּמְצָדוֹת עֵין־גֶּדִי׃
ד וַיָּבֹא אֶל־גִּדְרוֹת הַצֹּאן עַל־הַדֶּרֶךְ וְשָׁם מְעָרָה וַיָּבֹא שָׁאוּל לְהָסֵךְ אֶת־רַגְלָיו וְדָוִד וַאֲנָשָׁיו בְּיַרְכְּתֵי הַמְּעָרָה יֹשְׁבִים׃
5 David‘s men said to him, “This is the day of which Hashem said to you, ‘I will deliver your enemy into your hands; you can do with him as you please.’” David went and stealthily cut off the corner of Shaul‘s cloak.
7 He said to his men, “Hashem forbid that I should do such a thing to my lord—Hashem‘s anointed—that I should raise my hand against him; for he is Hashem‘s anointed.”
va-YO-mer l’-a-na-SHAV kha-LEE-lah LEE may-a-do-NAI im e-e-SEH et ha-da-VAR ha-ZEH la-do-NEE lim-SHEE-akh a-do-NAI lish-LO-akh ya-DEE BO kee m’-SHEE-akh a-do-NAI HU
ז וַיֹּאמֶר לַאֲנָשָׁיו חָלִילָה לִּי מֵיהֹוָה אִם־אֶעֱשֶׂה אֶת־הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה לַאדֹנִי לִמְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה לִשְׁלֹחַ יָדִי בּוֹ כִּי־מְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה הוּא׃
24:7 Hashem forbid that I
Though David could have legitimately killed King Shaul in self-defense, he merely cuts his royal cloak, and refrains from harming him physically. However, despite this extreme restraint, after the fact David greatly regrets his act, feeling that he has shown disrespect to the king of Israel. Despite everything Shaul had done to him, David honors King Shaul and his position as the anointed king of Israel. This esteem continues until the very end, expressed in the beautiful eulogy he delivers for Shaul after his death (see II Samuel 1:17-27). The leaders of the nation must be respected by all, as they are chosen by Hashem and charged with the responsibility of leading His people and guiding them in their holy mission. David has the strength and wisdom to understand this, even while being pursued by the king whose throne he would later inherit.Comment
11 You can see for yourself now that Hashem delivered you into my hands in the cave today. And though I was urged to kill you, I showed you pity; for I said, ‘I will not raise a hand against my lord, since he is Hashem‘s anointed.’
יא הִנֵּה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה רָאוּ עֵינֶיךָ אֵת אֲשֶׁר־נְתָנְךָ יְהֹוָה הַיּוֹם בְּיָדִי בַּמְּעָרָה וְאָמַר לַהֲרָגֲךָ וַתָּחָס עָלֶיךָ וָאֹמַר לֹא־אֶשְׁלַח יָדִי בַּאדֹנִי כִּי־מְשִׁיחַ יְהֹוָה הוּא׃
12 Please, sir, take a close look at the corner of your cloak in my hand; for when I cut off the corner of your cloak, I did not kill you. You must see plainly that I have done nothing evil or rebellious, and I have never wronged you. Yet you are bent on taking my life.
יב וְאָבִי רְאֵה גַּם רְאֵה אֶת־כְּנַף מְעִילְךָ בְּיָדִי כִּי בְּכָרְתִי אֶת־כְּנַף מְעִילְךָ וְלֹא הֲרַגְתִּיךָ דַּע וּרְאֵה כִּי אֵין בְּיָדִי רָעָה וָפֶשַׁע וְלֹא־חָטָאתִי לָךְ וְאַתָּה צֹדֶה אֶת־נַפְשִׁי לְקַחְתָּהּ׃
13 May Hashem judge between you and me! And may He take vengeance upon you for me, but my hand will never touch you.
יג יִשְׁפֹּט יְהֹוָה בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וּנְקָמַנִי יְהֹוָה מִמֶּךָּ וְיָדִי לֹא תִהְיֶה־בָּךְ׃
14 As the ancient proverb has it: ‘Wicked deeds come from wicked men!’ My hand will never touch you.
יד כַּאֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר מְשַׁל הַקַּדְמֹנִי מֵרְשָׁעִים יֵצֵא רֶשַׁע וְיָדִי לֹא תִהְיֶה־בָּךְ׃
15 Against whom has the king of Yisrael come out? Whom are you pursuing? A dead dog? A single flea?
טו אַחֲרֵי מִי יָצָא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אַחֲרֵי מִי אַתָּה רֹדֵף אַחֲרֵי כֶּלֶב מֵת אַחֲרֵי פַּרְעֹשׁ אֶחָד׃
16 May Hashem be arbiter and may He judge between you and me! May He take note and uphold my cause, and vindicate me against you.”
טז וְהָיָה יְהֹוָה לְדַיָּן וְשָׁפַט בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וְיֵרֶא וְיָרֵב אֶת־רִיבִי וְיִשְׁפְּטֵנִי מִיָּדֶךָ׃
18 He said to David, “You are right, not I; for you have treated me generously, but I have treated you badly.
יח וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־דָּוִד צַדִּיק אַתָּה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי אַתָּה גְּמַלְתַּנִי הַטּוֹבָה וַאֲנִי גְּמַלְתִּיךָ הָרָעָה׃
19 Yes, you have just revealed how generously you treated me, for Hashem delivered me into your hands and you did not kill me.
יט ואת [וְאַתָּה] הִגַּדְתָּ הַיּוֹם אֵת אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂיתָה אִתִּי טוֹבָה אֵת אֲשֶׁר סִגְּרַנִי יְהֹוָה בְּיָדְךָ וְלֹא הֲרַגְתָּנִי׃
20 If a man meets his enemy, does he let him go his way unharmed? Surely, Hashem will reward you generously for what you have done for me this day.
כ וְכִי־יִמְצָא אִישׁ אֶת־אֹיְבוֹ וְשִׁלְּחוֹ בְּדֶרֶךְ טוֹבָה וַיהֹוָה יְשַׁלֶּמְךָ טוֹבָה תַּחַת הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָה לִי׃
21 I know now that you will become king, and that the kingship over Yisrael will remain in your hands.
כא וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי מָלֹךְ תִּמְלוֹךְ וְקָמָה בְּיָדְךָ מַמְלֶכֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל׃
22 So swear to me by Hashem that you will not destroy my descendants or wipe out my name from my father’s house.”
כב וְעַתָּה הִשָּׁבְעָה לִּי בַּיהֹוָה אִם־תַּכְרִית אֶת־זַרְעִי אַחֲרָי וְאִם־תַּשְׁמִיד אֶת־שְׁמִי מִבֵּית אָבִי׃