10 The foes of Hashem shall be shattered; He will thunder against them in the heavens. Hashem will judge the ends of the earth. He will give power to His king, And triumph to His anointed one.
a-do-NAI yay-KHA-tu m’-ree-VAV a-LAV ba-sha-MA-yim yar-AYM a-do-NAI ya-DEEN af-say A-retz v’-yi-ten OZ l’-mal-KO v’-ya-RAYM KE-ren m’-shee-KHO
י יְהֹוָה יֵחַתּוּ מריבו [מְרִיבָיו] עלו [עָלָיו] בַּשָּׁמַיִם יַרְעֵם יְהֹוָה יָדִין אַפְסֵי־אָרֶץ וְיִתֶּן־עֹז לְמַלְכּוֹ וְיָרֵם קֶרֶן מְשִׁיחוֹ׃
2:10 He will give power to His king, and triumph to His anointed one
Chana is a prophetess, and so she prays not only for herself, but for the entire nation of Israel. While thanking Hashem for her own child, she also prays for two separate leaders who will shape the nation: “His king” and “His anointed one.” The famed commentator Radak notes that Chana knew that her son would be responsible for establishing the monarchy over the people of Israel. Thus, “His king” refers to Shaul, who would be the only king from his tribe of Binyamin, and “His anointed one” refers to David, from the tribe of Yehuda, who would establish the eternal monarchy that would span the generations. Chana is thus a role model, teaching us to look beyond our individual needs when we pray, and also to long for the reestablishment of the kingdom of David at the hands of his descendant, the Mashiach.