I Kings 4
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1  And king Shlomo was king over all Yisrael.

א  וַיְהִי הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה מֶלֶךְ עַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל.

2  And these were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the Kohen;

ב  וְאֵלֶּה הַשָּׂרִים אֲשֶׁר לוֹ עֲזַרְיָהוּ בֶן צָדוֹק הַכֹּהֵן.

3  Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

ג  אֱלִיחֹרֶף וַאֲחִיָּה בְּנֵי שִׁישָׁא סֹפְרִים יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אֲחִילוּד הַמַּזְכִּיר.

4  and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar were kohanim;

ד  וּבְנָיָהוּ בֶן יְהוֹיָדָע עַל הַצָּבָא וְצָדוֹק וְאֶבְיָתָר כֹּהֲנִים.

5  and Azariah the son of Natan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Natan was chief minister and the king’s friend;

ה  וַעֲזַרְיָהוּ בֶן נָתָן עַל הַנִּצָּבִים וְזָבוּד בֶּן נָתָן כֹּהֵן רֵעֶה הַמֶּלֶךְ.

6  and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the levy.

ו  וַאֲחִישָׁר עַל הַבָּיִת וַאֲדֹנִירָם בֶּן עַבְדָּא עַל הַמַּס.

7  And Shlomo had twelve officers over all Yisrael, who provided victuals for the king and his household: each man had to make provision for a month in the year.

ז  וְלִשְׁלֹמֹה שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר נִצָּבִים עַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִלְכְּלוּ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת בֵּיתוֹ חֹדֶשׁ בַּשָּׁנָה יִהְיֶה עַל אחד (הָאֶחָד) לְכַלְכֵּל.

8  And these are their names: The son of Hur, in the hill-country of Ephraim;

ח  וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹתָם בֶּן חוּר בְּהַר אֶפְרָיִם.

9  the son of Deker, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bet Shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan;

ט  בֶּן דֶּקֶר בְּמָקַץ וּבְשַׁעַלְבִים וּבֵית שָׁמֶשׁ וְאֵילוֹן בֵּית חָנָן.

10  the son of Hesed, in Arubboth; to him pertained Socoh, and all the land of Hepher;

י  בֶּן חֶסֶד בָּאֲרֻבּוֹת לוֹ שֹׂכֹה וְכָל אֶרֶץ חֵפֶר.

11  the son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; he had Taphath the daughter of Shlomo to wife;

יא  בֶּן אֲבִינָדָב כָּל נָפַת דֹּאר טָפַת בַּת שְׁלֹמֹה הָיְתָה לּוֹ לְאִשָּׁה.

12  Baana the son of Ahilud, in Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean which is beside Zarethan, beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, as far as beyond Jokmeam;

יב  בַּעֲנָא בֶּן אֲחִילוּד תַּעְנַךְ וּמְגִדּוֹ וְכָל בֵּית שְׁאָן אֲשֶׁר אֵצֶל צָרְתַנָה מִתַּחַת לְיִזְרְעֶאל מִבֵּית שְׁאָן עַד אָבֵל מְחוֹלָה עַד מֵעֵבֶר לְיָקְמְעָם.

13  the son of Geber, in Ramoth-gilead; to him pertained the villages of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; even to him pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars;

יג  בֶּן גֶּבֶר בְּרָמֹת גִּלְעָד לוֹ חַוֹּת יָאִיר בֶּן מְנַשֶּׁה אֲשֶׁר בַּגִּלְעָד לוֹ חֶבֶל אַרְגֹּב אֲשֶׁר בַּבָּשָׁן שִׁשִּׁים עָרִים גְּדֹלוֹת חוֹמָה וּבְרִיחַ נְחֹשֶׁת.

14  Ahinadab the son of Iddo, in Mahanaim;

יד  אֲחִינָדָב בֶּן עִדֹּא מַחֲנָיְמָה.

15  Ahimaaz, in Naftali; he also took Basemath the daughter of Shlomo to wife;

טו  אֲחִימַעַץ בְּנַפְתָּלִי גַּם הוּא לָקַח אֶת בָּשְׂמַת בַּת שְׁלֹמֹה לְאִשָּׁה.

16  Baana the son of Hushai, in Asher and Bealoth;

טז  בַּעֲנָא בֶּן חוּשָׁי בְּאָשֵׁר וּבְעָלוֹת.

17  Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Yissachar;

יז  יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן פָּרוּחַ בְּיִשָּׂשכָר.

18  Shimi the son of Ela, in Binyamin;

יח  שִׁמְעִי בֶן אֵלָא בְּבִנְיָמִן.

19  Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and one officer that was [over all the officers] in the land.

יט  גֶּבֶר בֶּן אֻרִי בְּאֶרֶץ גִּלְעָד אֶרֶץ סִיחוֹן מֶלֶךְ הָאֱמֹרִי וְעֹג מֶלֶךְ הַבָּשָׁן וּנְצִיב אֶחָד אֲשֶׁר בָּאָרֶץ.

20  Yehuda and Yisrael were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

y’-hu-DAH v’-yis-ra-ATL ra-BEEM ka-KHOL a-SHER al ha-YAM la-ROV o-kh’-LEEM v’-sho-TEEM u-s’-may-KHEEM

כ  יְהוּדָה וְיִשְׂרָאֵל רַבִּים כַּחוֹל אֲשֶׁר עַל הַיָּם לָרֹב אֹכְלִים וְשֹׁתִים וּשְׂמֵחִים.

4:20   Yehuda and Yisrael were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude

Unlike King David who began his rule only over Judah, King Solomon rules over a united kingdom of all of Judah and Israel. As the classical commentator Radak (Rabbi David Kimchi) notes, everyone in the kingdom recognizes King Solomon’s rule due to the universal recognition of his God-given wisdom. The chapter ends with the reward for unity among the People of Israel: they see the fulfillment of the blessing God gave to Abraham (Genesis 22:17), becoming as numerous as the sands of the shore and successful in the Land of Israel.

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I Kings 4