I Kings 22:2
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2  In the third year, King Yehoshafat of Yehuda came to visit the king of Yisrael.

vai-HEE ba-sha-NAH ha-sh’-lee-SHEET va-YAY-red y’-ho-sha-FAT me-lekh y’-hu-DAH el ME-lekh yis-ra-AYL

ב  וַיְהִי בַּשָּׁנָה הַשְּׁלִישִׁית וַיֵּרֶד יְהוֹשָׁפָט מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה אֶל־מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל׃

 22:2   King Yehoshafat of Yehuda came to visit the king of Yisrael

In describing Yehoshafat’s visit to the king of Yisrael, the verse uses the Hebrew word yarad (ירד), which literally means ‘he came down.’ When the Bible makes references to ‘going up’ or ‘going down,’ these terms often have spiritual, rather than physical meaning. Therefore, going to Yerushalayim, or immigrating to Eretz Yisrael, is always referred to as “going up,” while leaving Yerushalayim or the Land of Israel is always called “going down.” Since Yehoshafat is going from Yerushalayim in Yehuda to the less holy northern kingdom of Israel, the Bible says he “came (down) to visit.” In Modern Hebrew, the same expressions are used. Immigrating to Israel is known as aliya, ‘ascent,’ while leaving is known as yerida, ‘descent.’

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I Kings 22:2

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