I Kings 11
Print Friendly

Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  Now king Shlomo loved many foreign women, besides the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites;

v’-ha-ME-lekh sh’-lo-MOH a-HAV na-SHEEM nokh-ri-YOT ra-BOT v’-ET bat par-OH mo-a-vee-YOT a-mo-nee-YOT a-do-mee-YOT tzay-d’-nee-YOT khi-tee-YOT

א  וְהַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה אָהַב נָשִׁים נָכְרִיּוֹת רַבּוֹת וְאֶת בַּת פַּרְעֹה מוֹאֲבִיּוֹת עַמֳּנִיּוֹת אֲדֹמִיֹּת צֵדְנִיֹּת חִתִּיֹּת.

11:1   Now King Shlomo loved many foreign women

It seems shocking that the wise and righteous King Solomon loves and marries foreign women. Rabbi Shlomo Aviner notes that he certainly does not marry these women prior to their converting to Judaism. Yet, they clearly do not convert with a full heart, as evidenced by their continuing idolatrous practices. How can King Solomon make such a mistake? Rabbi Aviner suggests that King Solomon thought he could spread belief in God throughout the world, but that in order to do that he would need to incorporate other nations into the People of Israel. Though he has noble intentions, he makes a mistake in not sufficiently protecting himself and the People of Israel from the dangers of idol worship.

Comment

2  of the nations concerning which Hashem said unto Bnei Yisrael: ‘Ye shall not go among them, neither shall they come among you; for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods’; Shlomo did cleave unto these in love.

ב  מִן הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהוָה אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא תָבֹאוּ בָהֶם וְהֵם לֹא יָבֹאוּ בָכֶם אָכֵן יַטּוּ אֶת לְבַבְכֶם אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהֵיהֶם בָּהֶם דָּבַק שְׁלֹמֹה לְאַהֲבָה.

3  And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

ג  וַיְהִי לוֹ נָשִׁים שָׂרוֹת שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת וּפִלַגְשִׁים שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת וַיַּטּוּ נָשָׁיו אֶת לִבּוֹ.

4  For it came to pass, when Shlomo was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods; and his heart was not whole with Hashem his God, as was the heart of David his father.

ד  וַיְהִי לְעֵת זִקְנַת שְׁלֹמֹה נָשָׁיו הִטּוּ אֶת לְבָבוֹ אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וְלֹא הָיָה לְבָבוֹ שָׁלֵם עִם יְהוָה אֱלֹהָיו כִּלְבַב דָּוִיד אָבִיו.

5  For Shlomo went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the detestation of the Ammonites.

ה  וַיֵּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה אַחֲרֵי עַשְׁתֹּרֶת אֱלֹהֵי צִדֹנִים וְאַחֲרֵי מִלְכֹּם שִׁקֻּץ עַמֹּנִים.

6  And Shlomo did that which was evil in the sight of Hashem, and went not fully after Hashem, as did David his father.

ו  וַיַּעַשׂ שְׁלֹמֹה הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה וְלֹא מִלֵּא אַחֲרֵי יְהוָה כְּדָוִד אָבִיו.

7  Then did Shlomo build a high place for Chemosh the detestation of Moab, in the mount that is before Yerushalayim, and for Molech the detestation of the children of Ammon.

ז  אָז יִבְנֶה שְׁלֹמֹה בָּמָה לִכְמוֹשׁ שִׁקֻּץ מוֹאָב בָּהָר אֲשֶׁר עַל פְּנֵי יְרוּשָׁלִָם וּלְמֹלֶךְ שִׁקֻּץ בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן.

8  And so did he for all his foreign wives, who offered and sacrificed unto their gods.

ח  וְכֵן עָשָׂה לְכָל נָשָׁיו הַנָּכְרִיּוֹת מַקְטִירוֹת וּמְזַבְּחוֹת לֵאלֹהֵיהֶן.

9  And Hashem was angry with Shlomo, because his heart was turned away from Hashem, the God of Yisrael, who had appeared unto him twice,

ט  וַיִּתְאַנַּף יְהוָה בִּשְׁלֹמֹה כִּי נָטָה לְבָבוֹ מֵעִם יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הַנִּרְאָה אֵלָיו פַּעֲמָיִם.

10  and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods; but he kept not that which Hashem commanded.

י  וְצִוָּה אֵלָיו עַל הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה לְבִלְתִּי לֶכֶת אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וְלֹא שָׁמַר אֵת אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה.

11  Wherefore Hashem said unto Shlomo: ‘Forasmuch as this hath been in thy mind, and thou hast not kept My covenant and My statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.

יא  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה לִשְׁלֹמֹה יַעַן אֲשֶׁר הָיְתָה זֹּאת עִמָּךְ וְלֹא שָׁמַרְתָּ בְּרִיתִי וְחֻקֹּתַי אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי עָלֶיךָ קָרֹעַ אֶקְרַע אֶת הַמַּמְלָכָה מֵעָלֶיךָ וּנְתַתִּיהָ לְעַבְדֶּךָ.

12  Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it, for David thy father’s sake; but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.

יב  אַךְ בְּיָמֶיךָ לֹא אֶעֱשֶׂנָּה לְמַעַן דָּוִד אָבִיךָ מִיַּד בִּנְךָ אֶקְרָעֶנָּה.

13  Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but I will give one tribe to thy son; for David My servant’s sake, and for Yerushalayim’s sake which I have chosen.’

יג  רַק אֶת כָּל הַמַּמְלָכָה לֹא אֶקְרָע שֵׁבֶט אֶחָד אֶתֵּן לִבְנֶךָ לְמַעַן דָּוִד עַבְדִּי וּלְמַעַן יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרְתִּי.

14  And Hashem raised up an adversary unto Shlomo, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the king’s seed in Edom.

יד  וַיָּקֶם יְהוָה שָׂטָן לִשְׁלֹמֹה אֵת הֲדַד הָאֲדֹמִי מִזֶּרַע הַמֶּלֶךְ הוּא בֶּאֱדוֹם.

15  For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Yoav the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, and had smitten every male in Edom

טו  וַיְהִי בִּהְיוֹת דָּוִד אֶת אֱדוֹם בַּעֲלוֹת יוֹאָב שַׂר הַצָּבָא לְקַבֵּר אֶת הַחֲלָלִים וַיַּךְ כָּל זָכָר בֶּאֱדוֹם.

16  for Yoav and all Yisrael remained there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom

טז  כִּי שֵׁשֶׁת חֳדָשִׁים יָשַׁב שָׁם יוֹאָב וְכָל יִשְׂרָאֵל עַד הִכְרִית כָּל זָכָר בֶּאֱדוֹם.

17  that Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad being yet a little child.

יז  וַיִּבְרַח אֲדַד הוּא וַאֲנָשִׁים אֲדֹמִיִּים מֵעַבְדֵי אָבִיו אִתּוֹ לָבוֹא מִצְרָיִם וַהֲדַד נַעַר קָטָן.

18  And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran; and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land.

יח  וַיָּקֻמוּ מִמִּדְיָן וַיָּבֹאוּ פָּארָן וַיִּקְחוּ אֲנָשִׁים עִמָּם מִפָּארָן וַיָּבֹאוּ מִצְרַיִם אֶל פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם וַיִּתֶּן לוֹ בַיִת וְלֶחֶם אָמַר לוֹ וְאֶרֶץ נָתַן לוֹ.

19  And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen.

יט  וַיִּמְצָא הֲדַד חֵן בְּעֵינֵי פַרְעֹה מְאֹד וַיִּתֶּן לוֹ אִשָּׁה אֶת אֲחוֹת אִשְׁתּוֹ אֲחוֹת תַּחְפְּנֵיס הַגְּבִירָה.

20  And the sister of Tahpenes bore him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house; and Genubath was in Pharaoh’s house among the sons of Pharaoh.

כ  וַתֵּלֶד לוֹ אֲחוֹת תַּחְפְּנֵיס אֵת גְּנֻבַת בְּנוֹ וַתִּגְמְלֵהוּ תַחְפְּנֵס בְּתוֹךְ בֵּית פַּרְעֹה וַיְהִי גְנֻבַת בֵּית פַּרְעֹה בְּתוֹךְ בְּנֵי פַרְעֹה.

21  And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Yoav the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh: ‘Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country.’

כא  וַהֲדַד שָׁמַע בְּמִצְרַיִם כִּי שָׁכַב דָּוִד עִם אֲבֹתָיו וְכִי מֵת יוֹאָב שַׂר הַצָּבָא וַיֹּאמֶר הֲדַד אֶל פַּרְעֹה שַׁלְּחֵנִי וְאֵלֵךְ אֶל אַרְצִי.

22  Then Pharaoh said unto him: ‘But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country?’ And he answered: ‘Nothing; howbeit let me depart in any wise.’

כב  וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ פַרְעֹה כִּי מָה אַתָּה חָסֵר עִמִּי וְהִנְּךָ מְבַקֵּשׁ לָלֶכֶת אֶל אַרְצֶךָ וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא כִּי שַׁלֵּחַ תְּשַׁלְּחֵנִי.

23  And God raised up another adversary unto him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.

כג  וַיָּקֶם אֱלֹהִים לוֹ שָׂטָן אֶת רְזוֹן בֶּן אֶלְיָדָע אֲשֶׁר בָּרַח מֵאֵת הֲדַדְעֶזֶר מֶלֶךְ צוֹבָה אֲדֹנָיו.

24  And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a troop, when David slew them [of Zobah]; and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus.

כד  וַיִּקְבֹּץ עָלָיו אֲנָשִׁים וַיְהִי שַׂר גְּדוּד בַּהֲרֹג דָּוִד אֹתָם וַיֵּלְכוּ דַמֶּשֶׂק וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בָהּ וַיִּמְלְכוּ בְּדַמָּשֶׂק.

25  And he was an adversary to Yisrael all the days of Shlomo, beside the mischief that Hadad did; and he abhorred Yisrael, and reigned over Aram.

כה  וַיְהִי שָׂטָן לְיִשְׂרָאֵל כָּל יְמֵי שְׁלֹמֹה וְאֶת הָרָעָה אֲשֶׁר הֲדָד וַיָּקָץ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ עַל אֲרָם.

26  And Yerovam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Shlomo, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, he also lifted up his hand against the king.

כו  וְיָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֶפְרָתִי מִן הַצְּרֵדָה וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ צְרוּעָה אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה עֶבֶד לִשְׁלֹמֹה וַיָּרֶם יָד בַּמֶּלֶךְ.

27  And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Shlomo built Millo, and repaired the breach of the city of David his father.

כז  וְזֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר הֵרִים יָד בַּמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בָּנָה אֶת הַמִּלּוֹא סָגַר אֶת פֶּרֶץ עִיר דָּוִד אָבִיו.

28  And the man Yerovam was a mighty man of valour; and Shlomo saw the young man that he was industrious, and he gave him charge over all the labour of the house of Yosef.

כח  וְהָאִישׁ יָרָבְעָם גִּבּוֹר חָיִל וַיַּרְא שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת הַנַּעַר כִּי עֹשֵׂה מְלָאכָה הוּא וַיַּפְקֵד אֹתוֹ לְכָל סֵבֶל בֵּית יוֹסֵף.

29  And it came to pass at that time, when Yerovam went out of Yerushalayim, that the Navi Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; now Ahijah had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field.

כט  וַיְהִי בָּעֵת הַהִיא וְיָרָבְעָם יָצָא מִירוּשָׁלִָם וַיִּמְצָא אֹתוֹ אֲחִיָּה הַשִּׁילֹנִי הַנָּבִיא בַּדֶּרֶךְ וְהוּא מִתְכַּסֶּה בְּשַׂלְמָה חֲדָשָׁה וּשְׁנֵיהֶם לְבַדָּם בַּשָּׂדֶה.

30  And Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces.

ל  וַיִּתְפֹּשׂ אֲחִיָּה בַּשַּׂלְמָה הַחֲדָשָׁה אֲשֶׁר עָלָיו וַיִּקְרָעֶהָ שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר קְרָעִים.

31  And he said to Yerovam: ‘Take thee ten pieces; for thus saith Hashem, the God of Yisrael: Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Shlomo, and will give ten tribes to thee—

לא  וַיֹּאמֶר לְיָרָבְעָם קַח לְךָ עֲשָׂרָה קְרָעִים כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הִנְנִי קֹרֵעַ אֶת הַמַּמְלָכָה מִיַּד שְׁלֹמֹה וְנָתַתִּי לְךָ אֵת עֲשָׂרָה הַשְּׁבָטִים.

32  but he shall have one tribe, for My servant David’s sake, and for Yerushalayim’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Yisrael

לב  וְהַשֵּׁבֶט הָאֶחָד יִהְיֶה לּוֹ לְמַעַן עַבְדִּי דָוִד וּלְמַעַן יְרוּשָׁלִַם הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי בָהּ מִכֹּל שִׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.

33  because that they have forsaken Me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon; and they have not walked in My ways, to do that which is right in Mine eyes, and to keep My statutes and Mine ordinances, as did David his father.

לג  יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עֲזָבוּנִי וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְעַשְׁתֹּרֶת אֱלֹהֵי צִדֹנִין לִכְמוֹשׁ אֱלֹהֵי מוֹאָב וּלְמִלְכֹּם אֱלֹהֵי בְנֵי עַמּוֹן וְלֹא הָלְכוּ בִדְרָכַי לַעֲשׂוֹת הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינַי וְחֻקֹּתַי וּמִשְׁפָּטַי כְּדָוִד אָבִיו.

34  Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand; but I will make him prince all the days of his life, for David My servant’s sake, whom I chose, because he kept My commandments and My statutes;

לד  וְלֹא אֶקַּח אֶת כָּל הַמַּמְלָכָה מִיָּדוֹ כִּי נָשִׂיא אֲשִׁתֶנּוּ כֹּל יְמֵי חַיָּיו לְמַעַן דָּוִד עַבְדִּי אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי אֹתוֹ אֲשֶׁר שָׁמַר מִצְו‍ֹתַי וְחֻקֹּתָי.

35  but I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes.

לה  וְלָקַחְתִּי הַמְּלוּכָה מִיַּד בְּנוֹ וּנְתַתִּיהָ לְּךָ אֵת עֲשֶׂרֶת הַשְּׁבָטִים.

36  And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David My servant may have a lamp alway before Me in Yerushalayim, the city which I have chosen Me to put My name there.

לו  וְלִבְנוֹ אֶתֵּן שֵׁבֶט אֶחָד לְמַעַן הֱיוֹת נִיר לְדָוִיד עַבְדִּי כָּל הַיָּמִים לְפָנַי בִּירוּשָׁלִַם הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר בָּחַרְתִּי לִי לָשׂוּם שְׁמִי שָׁם.

37  And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign over all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Yisrael.

לז  וְאֹתְךָ אֶקַּח וּמָלַכְתָּ בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר תְּאַוֶּה נַפְשֶׁךָ וְהָיִיתָ מֶּלֶךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל.

38  And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in My ways, and do that which is right in Mine eyes, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as David My servant did, that I will be with thee, and will build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Yisrael unto thee.

לח  וְהָיָה אִם תִּשְׁמַע אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר אֲצַוֶּךָ וְהָלַכְתָּ בִדְרָכַי וְעָשִׂיתָ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינַי לִשְׁמוֹר חֻקּוֹתַי וּמִצְו‍ֹתַי כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה דָּוִד עַבְדִּי וְהָיִיתִי עִמָּךְ וּבָנִיתִי לְךָ בַיִת נֶאֱמָן כַּאֲשֶׁר בָּנִיתִי לְדָוִד וְנָתַתִּי לְךָ אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל.

39  And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not for ever.’

לט  וַאעַנֶּה אֶת זֶרַע דָּוִד לְמַעַן זֹאת אַךְ לֹא כָל הַיָּמִים.

40  Shlomo sought therefore to kill Yerovam; but Yerovam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Shlomo.

מ  וַיְבַקֵּשׁ שְׁלֹמֹה לְהָמִית אֶת יָרָבְעָם וַיָּקָם יָרָבְעָם וַיִּבְרַח מִצְרַיִם אֶל שִׁישַׁק מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם וַיְהִי בְמִצְרַיִם עַד מוֹת שְׁלֹמֹה.

41  Now the rest of the acts of Shlomo, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Shlomo?

מא  וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי שְׁלֹמֹה וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְחָכְמָתוֹ הֲלוֹא הֵם כְּתֻבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי שְׁלֹמֹה.

42  And the time that Shlomo reigned in Yerushalayim over all Yisrael was forty years.

מב  וְהַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר מָלַךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בִירוּשָׁלִַם עַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה.

43  And Shlomo slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father; and Rechovam his son reigned in his stead.

מג  וַיִּשְׁכַּב שְׁלֹמֹה עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּעִיר דָּוִד אָבִיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ רְחַבְעָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו.

Please login to get access to the quiz
I Kings 10
I Kings 12

No Comments

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

Post a Reply

 

I Kings 11