I Chronicles 4:40
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40  They found rich, good pasture, and the land was ample, quiet, and peaceful. The former inhabitants were of Ham;

va-yim-tz’-U mir-EH sha-MAYN va-TOV v’-ha-A-retz ra-kha-VAT ya-DA-yim v’-sho-KE-tet ush-lay-VAH KEE min KHAM ha-yo-sh’-VEEM sham l’-fa-NEEM

מ  וַיִּמְצְאוּ מִרְעֶה שָׁמֵן וָטוֹב וְהָאָרֶץ רַחֲבַת יָדַיִם וְשֹׁקֶטֶת וּשְׁלֵוָה כִּי מִן־חָם הַיֹּשְׁבִים שָׁם לְפָנִים׃

 4:40   The land was ample, quiet, and peaceful

The Hebrew word for ‘peaceful’ in this verse is shalva (שלוה), rather than the more common word ‘shalom’ (שלום). What is the difference between shalom and shalva? The 19th-century commentator Malbim explains that shalom refers an external peace, meaning that one is free from threats or harm. Shalva, on the other hand, refers to internal harmony. Accordingly, this verse teaches that the inhabitants of the cities of Shimon experienced not only a quiet security from outside threats, but also enjoyed peaceful coexistence with their brethren and neighbors. In his prayer for the peace of Jerusalem (Psalm 122:6) the Psalmist includes both terms: “Pray for the well-being (shalom) of Yerushalayim; may those who love you be at peace (shalva).”

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Comment ( 1 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • I think what touches me most from this chapter of Chroncles is the writer including the information that make the people human, not just names. There were shepherds, more than one family, potters and craftsmen – and those who sold 'fine linen', people just like us, all going about their daily chores.

    As a keen genealogist myself I'm so grateful that we have these genealogies to read, like my family tree, not one word is unnecessary, they show how the families are linked.

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I Chronicles 4:40

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