12 He shall build a house for Me, and I will establish his throne forever.
HU yiv-neh LEE BA-yit v’-kho-nan-TEE et kis-O ad o-LAM
יב הוּא יִבְנֶה־לִּי בָּיִת וְכֹנַנְתִּי אֶת־כִּסְאוֹ עַד־עוֹלָם׃
17:12 He shall build a house for Me
King David wants to build the Holy Temple. However, Hashem tells him that his son, not he, will be the one to build the Beit Hamikdash. As the king who helps conquer the Land of Israel, fights Amalek and solidifies the monarchy, David plays an important part in the process of establishing the Israelites in their land. He is even able to make the preparations for the building of the Temple. However, as a warrior, he is not able to build the actual Beit Hamikdash, which is intended to promote peace and harmony among the Children of Israel as well as all the nations of the world. In contrast to David, his son Shlomo (שלמה) is a man of peace, as reflected in his name which derives from the Hebrew word for ‘peace,’ shalom (שלום). Shlomo, therefore, is God’s choice for the king who will build the Temple. For this same reason, instruments of war and violence were not used in the construction of the Beit Hamikdash, so that peace would be built into its very foundation (I Kings 6:7).