Daily and Holiday Offerings

Numbers 28:1-30:1

The remainder of the portion is dedicated to the sacrificial services to be brought daily to the Tabernacle, including the additions for special occasions. The daily offering consists of two lambs, one in the morning and one in the evening, with accompanying meal-offerings and drink-offerings. For the Sabbath, there are an additional two he-lambs.

 

The Israel Bible reminds us that the Sabbath is meant to mark both the seventh day of creation and the Exodus from Egypt. By keeping the Sabbath, we bear witness that God not only created the world, but also continues to take part in it. Likewise, when we observe the seven-year shmitta cycle, we acknowledge that God is the source of all our material success.

 

The sacrifice of the new moon, marking the start of each new month in the Jewish calendar, is two young bullocks, one ram, seven he-lambs and accompanying meal and drink offerings. There is also a he-goat for a sin offering that must be brought that day.

 

The Passover offering, brought the fourteenth day of the first month, is two young bullocks, a ram, seven he-lambs, and a he-goat for atonement, with their accompanying meal and drink offerings. The first and seventh day of the Passover holiday are marked by not doing any creative work and no leavened product may be eaten for the duration of the holiday.

 

The Feast of Weeks is marked seven weeks later, for one day of holy convocation. The burnt offering consists of two young bullocks, one ram, seven he-lambs and a he-goat for atonement, like Passover.

 

The New Year offering is one young bullock, one ram, seven he-lambs and a he-goat for atonement. The Day of Atonement, accompanied by affliction of the soul, also requires a sacrifice of one young bullock, one ram, seven he-lambs and a he-goat for atonement. The Feast of Tabernacles requires a different combination of animals offered each day, accompanied by meal and drink offerings.

 

Although the Feast of Tabernacles is only seven days long, the following eighth day is also a holy convocation. It requires a young bullock, a ram, seven he-lambs and a he-goat for atonement. The Israel Bible discusses this unique day. The first seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles, the Sages teach, have an international aspect, with seventy animal sacrifices being brought to represent the seventy nations of the world. The eighth day, however, is a day for God to celebrate alone with His people, as if He is saying, “I don’t want you to leave yet.”

 

Virtual Classroom Discussion

What do you think is the significance of Passover having the same offerings every day, but the Feast of Tabernacles (also seven days long) having different sacrifices each day?

Comments ( 5 )

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  • My answer is more like Diana's. I think because in Pesach, we are making a declaration to the world of our freedom, and a declaration requires an unequivocal statement hence the command to make the same offerings for seven days, while for Sukkot, it is more in-house, an internal celebration which calls for diversity in the way we express our love and devotion to Yahweh.

    • Pauline Graham

      Hi everyone, I think that the sacrifices for Pesach stayed the same, as they represent the exodus of the Jewish people. Also to keep their past and the work of YEHOVAH in freeing them from slavery, to be a perpetual reminder. The offerings that are different, I believe look towards the work and redemption of the Messiah, YESHUA, who is represented in each of these sacrifices. He is our lamb, saved, our Azael scapegoat, our bullock offering, for the whole assembly of believers. As these sacrifices are for the future to explain the love of Elohim to His People and HIS Reeming work for all mankind. T

  • I think that the reason Pesach has each day the same sacrifices because it is a feast from the past. It's remembering what HaShem had done for our people in the past with a copious hurried meal. We try to relive it and for our kids to make it kind of happening in present time. Tabernacles is a feast of the future, the time to come. we live out what we are expecting (of course also what had passed in the desert-time) The time past was one of very monotonous food and sometimes thirsting. So this feast is much more exuberant, which the offerings also show. The future is living in safety under the protecting sky of HaShem.

  • Diana Brown

    I know this Feast of the Lord, Sukkot, is to be a joyous one. I would assume the different sacrifices have something to do with that…layers of joy for the Lord God and His People and layers of joy for the nations who see Israel as a light unto them. Is that right?

    • Diana Brown

      I know in Revelation, Sukkot will be observed and if the leaders of the Nations do not observe it, there will be no rain. It is also mentioned to an eternal feast.

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