The Portion of Tetzaveh

Exodus 27:20-30:10

This portion continues the themes of last week’s portion, describing the clothing the priests must wear to serve in the Tabernacle, the process by which they are to be consecrated, and the offerings they must bring, both when they are appointed and on a daily basis thereafter. It ends with a description of the Altar of Incense which Moses is commanded to build.

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  • Eunice Stenner

    Because it represented the eternal promised and sacrifice of the Son of God.

  • Diane Lee Read

    Because all life is in the blood and God cannot look at sin, sacrifices for an innocent animals' blood, the innocent for the guilty were made, a prelude to God's ultimate plan, the blood of Jesus sacrificed for our sins.

  • Reginald A Carswell

    Because the Believers have forgotten about these offerings, which are very much necessary today. This is a direct command from the MOST HIGH and anyone who believes in the MOST HIGH should obey.

  • Stephen M D

    This was the question was "Why do you think Rabbi Ben Pazzi identified chose the verse Exodus 29:39, “The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at dusk,” as about the most important verse in the Torah?

    I believe he thinks it is the most important for this reason. That God is light and there is no darkness in Him. In His light we see light. David said your word is a lamp unto my feet and light unto my path. The Proverb declares "there is way that seems right to man, but its end is death. In this life we want to know God's way not man's way, for man's way lead to death and God's way lead to eternal life. And the verse points out that to know the mind of God, God has shown a way where He will meet with us to reveal to us His heart, His thoughts towards us, the way to eternal life and it involves the shedding of blood, but why?

    To me it is simple and it goes back to the Garden of Eden. When man fell he was cast out toward the East of the garden. This is where fellowship with God was severed and Cherubim placed at the entrance to guard the way back into the garden with a sword that turns everyway. This is symbolic that sinful man trying to get back into the presence of a Holy God can only face judgment when coming before Him in a sinful state. Likewise as we seen the continuing moral degeneration of man, it also talks of him in a geographical way of always moving east, indicating moving further and further away from the moral ideal of God. The question to be answered then is "How is man to be reconciled to God? To be brought back into fellowship with God without the sword of judgement falling on him. Man cannot solve that dilemma hence God provides the answer with the means expressed through the whole symbolism of the structure and sacrificial rituals of the Tabernacle in the wilderness.

    Let's ask ourselves, which cardinal point of the compass does God meet with man based on the layout of the Tabernacle? The entrance to the tent of meeting was at the eastern end, the point representing where severance was made with man, hence it has to be the point where they have to meet again. God calls and man has to start his journey back west. Again symbolic, back to the moral ideals of God. Wherever there is failure between God and his people He always brings them back to the point of failure. For example, it was at Kadesh Barnea where Israel refused to enter into the Promised Land and it is approx. 40 years later that God brings them back to the same place with the new generation and faced with the same decision to go up and claim the inheritance. This time they went.

    Hence the same here at the Tent of Meeting. It was man's disobedience that cast him out of the garden, that place of fellowship with God, so now it has to be an act of obedience in the revealed way given to Moses to come back into fellowship. As stated, if the criteria was followed, God said, there I will meet with you. That is reconciliation and the main emphasis of the reconciliation is not what man has done, but what God has done, and then shown to man what is the means of the reconciliation. That's why God emphasized to Moses, make sure you construct and conduct everything with regards to the Tabernacle according to the pattern shown you on the top of Mt. Sinai. It has to be God’s way, not man’s. And part of that pattern was that a lamb and its blood had to be shed morning and evening. Why, because the sword of judgement waits at the entrance at the East. Therefore for a Holy God's justice to be satisfied against man's sinfulness, death must follow. So again, the dilemma for God is this. He is calling man back into fellowship with Himself, but because of man' sin God must judge him. The sword of the Cherubim must act to bar the way to a Holy God. God therefore solves the problem by providing a substitute onto whom the death blow falls which, then allows both parties to meet. Therefore reconciliation is not based on my own righteousness, of which Isaiah says that it is as filthy rags before God, but based on God’s provision of a substitute for my sin and my faith in that is what God has said.

    The reason the lamb has to be sacrificed morning and evening is because it is to represent the 24/7 fellowship that God has always wanted for man. Therefore blood must always be present to maintain the fellowship, "for without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sin." While the blood is on the altar God is always present at the entrance at the tent of meeting to fellowship with man. As with all things, and as stated, it is never what we do, but what God does. All that He asks of us is to replicate the father of the faithful, Abraham, and that is to respond in faith to the way God has shown or the promise He has given, "for the just shall live by faith." That is why to the Rabbi I believe it is the most important verse because with the shedding of the blood, he is brought back into fellowship with God.

    My question for the Rabbi, since the destruction of the Temple, where is the blood to maintain the fellowship? The Christians of course proclaim that Jesus is the lamb, and He is also the High Priest according to the order of Melchizedek and has entered into the heavenly Tabernacle not made with hands, of which the Tabernacle that Moses built was only a earthly representation, and because being the eternal Son of God, He has purchased eternal redemption and reconciliation for man through the shedding of His blood, and therefore no longer a need of that which only represented the true redemption that was to come. And man is asked the same question by God as of the Israelites of old, do you believe this gospel as the means of reconciliation I have provided, “for the just shall live by faith.” And “whoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

  • Paula

    Didn’t the need of the sacrificial lambs end when Jesus sacrificed his life on the cross? He was with them daily and walked and taught them daily until the day of his crucifixtion. Does Israel still sacrifice animals twice a day?

  • Bob Clanton

    The Priests of God were commanded to worship twice on Sunday, *EVERY SUNDAY* in the Morning and the evening called *"the DAILY Sacrifice"* ! Exodus 29:38-42, Numbers 28:1-8, and directly referred to in Dan.8:11, 8:12, 8:13, Daniel 12:11 . The entire *"Pagan day"* nonsense is totally refuted by the fact that God was worshiped every day of the year, twice a day. It shows that no matter what the Pagans did on any day, God is to be worshiped every day of the year. Thus, Christmas, Easter, Sunday, or any other day are totally acceptable days to worship Christ. The childish arguments by the Sabbath keepers need to be stopped.

    • Stephen oates

      You acknowledge that sunday is not the sabbath
      We all can worship God any day or at any time
      But God only sanctified and hallowed one day of the week the 7th day
      Why is it childish to remind believers that they are in error
      would you break the 6th commandment ?
      No of course not so why break the 4th
      If you break one you break them all
      There is alot of spiritual power in
      Gathering together
      Imagine doing all these on the correct day
      How much power will there be ?

      • Jude

        I was raised to strictly observe the Sabbath. As an adult, I continued a Sabbath observance, as it seemed so clear that a 7th day was commanded to be kept in the sacred commandments. But I wanted to be sure of what I believed and searched the Scriptures praying earnestly for truth about Sabbath-keeping.

        Without giving the lengthy apologetics of the Sabbath, I will share that I found the meaning under the surface ritual of Sabbath-keeping. Sabbath was given to the wilderness wanderers for a specific and timely reason and was a promise of salvation, God's rest. The Sabbath was only a physical demonstration (shadow) of "God's rest" that he longed for them to enter. Though they strictly observed the Sabbath in the wilderness they NEVER entered the goal of the ritual, God's rest.

        Today we are all to strive to be in God's rest, not in keeping a day. That demonstration was over when Jesus brought salvation. When we are in God's rest we are in Proverbs 3:5-8, completely leaning on him to the point that we are not worried or fearful. We are so trusting in our Father's care and love that we are relaxed and at ease in his arms, much like a child relaxes in his father's arms when he has felt a threat or danger.

        Many try to combine the 7th day Sabbath-keeping with God's grace, expounding on our physical, emotional, and spiritual benefits of resting one day a week. But by entering God's true rest we are always benefitting emotionally, physically, and spiritually by feeling safe in his arms of love.

        Keeping a Sabbath day and limiting our relationship to a ritual on the 7th day is kind of like placing all our devotion on an invoice for an item we've ordered from Amazon. Of course, the invoice is important and is a physical promise of the item to come. But once the item arrives if we fail to open it and use it and instead give more importance to the invoice we are missing the point of the invoice or promise. I suppose the 7th day Sabbath could be thought of as the invoice and Jesus the real thing that has arrived for us.

        Now I pray Proverbs 3:5-8 when I find myself wandering from God's rest, of finding I'm beginning to work and depend on my own efforts. That is the Sabbath rest, a trust in him that melts all our worries and cares and knows he is faithful, now and for eternity.

  • Mitchell

    Why do none of you see Yeshua all throughout the Torah? I pray the Holy Spirit reveals the Truth to us all, and then the choice is yours. The hour is exceedingly late…

    • Randy MITCHELL

      He is in every letter, he is the Aleph-Tav, he is the white spaces between the letters and the tagin upon the letters…

  • Philip Wittig

    People need to mend their ways and return to God now more than ever to avoid suffering from His rightful judgement.
    Please read my blog: <a href="">5 Ways to Come Back to God</a>
    Hope this help, Thank you!

  • joy

    Verse 38 says this is to be done regularly, every day. If morning is analogous to our birth and dusk is analogous to our death, then that means every day, regularly thru out our lives. This then does encompass the entire Torah, to seek after Adonai and worship HIM our entire lives.

  • Pauline Graham

    As the offerings were both to Yehovah and also to feed the priests and their families perhaps this is why 2 daily sacrifices one for the lunch meal the other for the evening meal, as what was not eaten was destroyed as it had been consecrated to Yehovah.

    • Robert Clanton

      The Priests of God were commanded to worship twice on Sunday, *EVERY SUNDAY* in the Morning and the evening called *"the DAILY Sacrifice"* ! Exodus 29:38-42, Numbers 28:1-8, and directly referred to in Dan.8:11, 8:12, 8:13, Daniel 12:11 . The entire *"Pagan day"* nonsense is totally refuted by the fact that God was worshiped every day of the year, twice a day. It shows that no matter what the Pagans did on any day, God is to be worshiped every day of the year. Thus, Christmas, Easter, Sunday, or any other day are totally acceptable days to worship Christ. The childish arguments by the Sabbath keepers need to be stopped.

  • Angela B

    I think this verse is important as it teaches us continual repentance (Teshuvah), I think like Herman said, symbolic of self sacrifice — we are lambs in ourselves, we have the nature of lambs, for instance, we go astray without a shepherd.

    • William Oliver Jr

      Amen!! Right on.

  • Herman Arentsen

    1. It might be a sign of Massiach (a male lamb) twice to enforce its meaning. He will come and give His All for our people. [when I would have been a christian I would have said He has given and will dedicate his blood for his people]?????
    2. It might also be a sign of giving one’s all (your whole life) all day for the service of HaShem. In the blood is life so you give all (your life, your heart) for being in His presence, for serving HaShem as long as you live.

  • Diana Brown

    The Lord God is available to all who call upon Him 24/7. The sacrificial lambs remind us of the whole chapter in Leviticus 17 which talks about the sanctity of Blood. I also look to King David who was a man after God’s own heart. He talks of repentance, atonement, in many psalms. Like Moses, King David understood the Love of God in special ways. Some through the fire, some through the flood, some through great trials….but all through the Blood is a favorite hymn of my childhood.

    • Diana Brown

      Please forgive, I forgot to give you the title of the hymn. It is called, “God Leads His Dear Children Along.” Beav Shea sings this really well. Here it is if you want to listen.

  • Perhaps the daily sacrifices represent routine; it’s easy to thank God for miracles, but when we see Him in the everyday we elevate the mundane. As well, another idea I heard is that sacrifices combine the spiritual with the physical, therefore they represent the blending of both in God’s world and in service to Him.

    • David Severance

      2300 Morning's and Evening's

      • Bruce Craig

        The twice-daily "evening morning" (literal Hebrew) 2300 sacrifices spanning 1150 days from Yahshua's baptism to his death on the tree of condemnation. Then shall Elohim be Vindicated. Daniel 8:14.

  • Kenneth Osterman

    If I understand the timing, the 1st lamb was slain at 9am and the 2nd lamb at 3pm. These lambs perhaps represent the continual (daily) sacrifice.
    But as concerns the law covenant, the very first sacrifice was the Passover lamb which was the 1st aspect of the law. Jeremiah speaks of another law covenant in Jeremiah 31:27-34. Perhaps that 2nd lamb is a reference to a yet greater deliverance from the bondage of SIN and a covenant that does not require a human priesthood.
    Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, says the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”

  • Stephanie

    Perhaps because one or maybe the main reason for bringing offerings is to draw near to God and following the scripture about the two lambs He says there I will meet with you and talk with and sanctify the tent and the altar and the priests and that He will be our God. And that’s what it’s all about that He would dwell among and within His people.

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